‹‹To be ignorant of what occurred before you were born is to remain always a child. For what is the worth of human life, unless it is woven into the life of our ancestors by the records of history?›› ~Marcus Tullius Cicero(106-43 BC)
‹‹Tigray, the most northerly province of Ethiopia; Almeida, who described it as in ancient times ‘the foundation and head’ of the entire Ethiopian monarchy, considered it still the ‘best part’ of the country, while Ludolf later described it as ‘the best and most fertile’ part of it.
The province began, Almeida says, at the twin Red Sea ports of Massawa and Hergigo, and extended south-eastwards along the coast as the tiny harbor of Defalo. Inland the province was bordered, from east to west, by the Dankali ‘Kingdom’, Angot, Doba, Begemdir and Semen. [Beckingham and Huntingford, Some Records of Ethiopia, pp. 14-15; J. Ludolf, A New History of Ethiopia, London, 1682, p. 13.8]>>
Both Beckingham and Ludolf do not say that Tekezze is the Western frontier of Tigray, and Ludolf especially, who had made extensive studies on Ethiopia, and who is credited as the founder of Ethiopian Studies, put Wag as one of the 27 prefectures (districts or regions) of Tigray.›› 
‹‹The kingdom of Tigre is bounded by the Belka, Boja, Takue, and several wild tribes of Shangalla on the north; by the mountains of Samen on the west; and by the Danakil, Doba, and Galla, on the east and south; comprehending and extent of about four degrees in latitude, and about the same in a longitudinal direction, and forming in shape the irregular figure of a trapezium.›› 
“Above Temben, to the westward of Axum, is situated the province of Shire, which forms a pretty sharp angle with the Tecazze in the latitude of 14º; and on the opposite side of the river extend still farther westward, the districts of Waldubba and Walkayt, both of which continue to pay tribute to the Ras”. 
‹‹Lasta is also classed with Tigre. This province which has also given its name to the kingdom, of which it now forms part, is bounded on the west by the Tchera-Agous, on the north by the Ejjon-Gall, on the south-east by Angot, and on the north by Bora and Ouofila›› (Routes in Abyssinia, page 187). 
‹‹Amhara, properly so called, extends between the Rivers Ouahet and Bachelot, it is bounded on the west by the Nile, which separates it from Gojam, and on the east by Lasta and Ingot›› (Routes in Abyssinia, page 189). 
Today, Mayor Ed Murray announced he is nominating Sam Assefa – the senior urban designer for the City of Boulder, Colorado – as the next director of Seattle’s Office of Planning and Community Development (OPCD).
Prior to Boulder, Assefa served as Director of Land Use and Planning Policy for the City of Chicago, and as a deputy chief of staff to former Mayor Richard Daley.
“Sam Assefa brings leadership and a holistic approach to urban planning that integrates land use, transportation, design and sustainability,” Mayor Murray said. “Throughout his career, Sam has shown a passion for placemaking and a commitment to working with all communities to solve the challenges of growth. His experience will be invaluable to implementing our shared vision for building neighborhoods that are affordable, livable and equitable.”
OPCD was created to better integrate strategic planning across departments, while coordinating public investments in transportation, parks, housing and other areas.
“I have always admired the City of Seattle for its natural beauty, innovative spirit and strong commitment to social justice,” Assefa said. “I am thrilled at this opportunity to help implement Mayor Murray’s vision for building thriving and vibrant communities through an integrated and equitable approach to city planning and community development.”
Since 2010, Assefa has worked for Boulder’s Department of Community Planning and Sustainability, where he was responsible for urban and building design policies and directed the City’s Sustainable Streets and Centers Program.
Prior to Chicago, he served the City of San Francisco as director of Special Projects for the Department of Planning and Development. He was responsible for the implementation of various urban design policies and redevelopment plans, including the Hunters Point Shipyard, the Trans Bay Center, Rincon Hill, and the Better Neighborhoods Program.
Assefa has a master’s degree in city planning from MIT, and a bachelor’s degree in architecture from the University of Illinois at Chicago. He brings perspective as an immigrant to the United States, having fled Ethiopia as a teenager when his father was killed in a coup. In San Francisco, Assefa served on the city’s Immigrant Rights Commission.
Assefa, if confirmed by Seattle City Council, will replace Diane Sugimura, who has served as interim OPCD director since the new integrated planning agency launched January 1. Assefa is expected to start June 1, with an annual salary of $167,000.
“This is a very exciting time for Seattle — to have someone of Sam’s caliber, experience and talent coming to Seattle to lead the Mayor’s new Office of Planning and Community Development,” Sugimura said. “I look forward to seeing great things happening as we grow toward becoming a more equitable city for all.”
“I am thrilled to join the Mayor in endorsing the nomination of Sam Assefa as the new Director of the Office and Planning and Community Development,” said Councilmember Rob Johnson, chair of the Planning, Land Use and Zoning Committee. “Mr. Assefa’s list of accomplishments achieved during his tenures in Chicago, San Francisco, and Boulder reflects his passion for urban design and transit oriented development, and but I am mostly impressed by the manner in which he so thoughtfully engages the citizens of the communities he serves. I look forward to the prospect of working side by side with such a creative, big-picture thinker with the knowledge and experience to tackle Seattle’s complex housing, gentrification, and affordability challenges.”
As Seattle grows, OPCD will play a role in implementing Mayor Murray’s Housing Affordability and Livability Agenda (HALA). HALA provides a comprehensive strategy to creating 50,000 housing units over the next 10 years, ensuring that Seattle can remain an affordable, walkable, and equitable community for people of all incomes and backgrounds.
Seattle is currently one of the fastest-growing cities in the nation, adding 70,000 residents and 63,000 jobs in the past five years. The city is expected to be home to another 120,000 residents and 115,000 jobs by 2035.
“I loved to draw,” says Sam Assefa. Architecture influenced him a lot, especially as a child, growing up in Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia. He used to draw a lot of the old Ethiopian monasteries. “Very monolithic, platonic forms, cubes and models formed out of living rock. I was always fascinated by that,” he explains. By seventh or eighth grade, he knew he wanted to study architecture. He once got punished for a drawing he did very meticulously, with correct three-dimensional proportions for a very tall building. His art teacher didn’t believe he drew it.
Fortunately, for many under-engaged communities in San Francisco, Chicago and Boulder, Colorado, Assefa did not take the punishment to heart. He still loves architecture, and still makes a life of exceeding expectations. In a few months, he’ll take all of his experience with him to Seattle, where he was recently named the next director of Seattle’s Office of Planning and Community Development.
“I have always admired the city of Seattle for its natural beauty, innovative spirit and strong commitment to social justice,” Assefa said in a statement on the announcement.
Ethiopia has famously never been colonized, despite repeated invasions and partial occupations by foreign powers throughout its history. But amid political strife in the 1970s, Assefa’s father was executed. Assefa fled the country by foot and became a refugee in Kenya. He spent the rest of his high-school years in Nairobi, where he picked up two key influences: an international group of best friends with whom he remains in touch (one each from Austria, Sweden, the U.S. and Chile, and two others from Ethiopia), and a love for Chicago, probably due to its architecture.
“I used to read about Chicago specifically for some reason, while I was in high school,” Assefa says. He would eventually move there (after a short stint in Rome), and study architecture at the University of Illinois. While there, he met his wife, Jill Kongabel, a native Chicagoan.
In his first job in architecture, he noticed a pattern that didn’t fit with his personal ethos. “The first few years of design work I was doing was for very wealthy people. It was a wonderful place, a small design firm,” Assefa says. “But I started thinking about is that what I wanted to do.”
The answer was no. He and his wife left Chicago for Cambridge, Massachusetts, where Assefa went to graduate school for city planning at MIT. He took classes at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government too. He focused his studies on issues of equity, particularly around public housing. Meanwhile, outside the classroom, he was involved in the divestment movement seeking to end apartheid in South Africa by urging university endowments, foundation endowments and other supposedly socially minded pools of capital to dump South African companies.
After graduate school — after another false start with a private San Francisco architecture firm — Assefa landed at one of the early leaders in socially and environmentally conscious design firms, SMWM (since merged with Perkins+Will), where he joined forces with Karen Alschuler to start the planning practice at the firm. Their first big project: planning around the long-shuttered Hunters Point Shipyard in the largely black neighborhood, which was still reeling from the site’s closure around two decades earlier. The shipyard became one of the first Superfund cleanup sites.
“San Francisco was where I cut my teeth in equity and planning policy,” Assefa says. He would later work in the city of San Francisco’s planning department. He moved to become director of policy for Chicago’s department of planning and development in 2000. In Mayor Richard Daley, Assefa says, he found a willing ally for bringing more equity and diverse voices into the planning process (Assefa served as the city’s liaison for the neighborhood-centric New Communities Program), while simultaneously integrating departments and disciplines whose silos were clearly holding the city back from its potential.
Assefa’s department led Chicago’s first rewriting of its zoning code in 40 years, addressing issues where growth was happening where some communities didn’t want it and not happening where other communities did. He recalls loosening parking requirements for buildings within close proximity to public transportation, and putting in incentives for LEED-certified construction of affordable housing so that residents’ bills could be reduced. While attempting to incentivize and make room for more affordable housing where it was desired, Assefa also recalls protecting manufacturing zones from redevelopment as residential or other use (while others were creating the training infrastructure to make sure new high-skilled manufacturing jobs in Chicago would be accessible to all).
After a stint in Boulder, Colorado, Assefa will now take his silo-busting, social justice-informed approach to the Pacific Northwest.
“In Seattle, as in a lot of cities, a lot of the underrepresented communities or immigrant communities may not be at the table when major planning decisions are being made. Or they are economically affected as a result of the economic shift that is taking place in some of the major cities as well as global shifts,” he notes.
Seattle will be the eighth city where he has lived, spanning four countries on three continents.
“There are differences in context, but fundamentally from a planning perspective, all people are looking for the same general things,” he says. “They want to be safe, they want to love the place where they live, and they want to reap the benefits of what it has to offer.”
Assefa is expected to take his new office on June 1.
A woman is set to marry her own son. The woman and her son claim to be in love with each other and now they want to take their relationship to the next level and get married considering that the mother, Betty Mbereko (from Mwenezi in Masvingo) is now six months pregnant and expecting her son’s child, and her grandchild.
Mbereko, 40, has been a widow for the past 12 years and has been living with her 23-years-old son Farai Mbereko. She confirms that she is six month pregnant and that she has decided it is better to “marry” her son because she does not want to marry her late husband’s young brothers, whom she says are coveting her. Betty stunned a village court last week when she said the affair with her son had begun three years earlier. She said after spending a lot of money sending Farai to school following the death of her husband, she felt she had a right to his money and no other woman was entitled to it. “Look, I strove alone to send my son to school and no one helped me. Now you see that my son is working and you accuse me of doing something wrong. “Let me enjoy the products of my sweat,” she told the village court council.
Farai said he was more than prepared to marry his mother and would pay off the ilobola balance his father had left unpaid to his grandparents.
“I know my father died before he finished paying the bride price and I am prepared to pay it off,” he said. “It is better to publicise what is happening because people should know that I am the one who made my mother pregnant.
Otherwise they will accuse her of promiscuity.” But local headman Nathan Muputirwa says: “We cannot allow this to happen in our village, mashura chaiwo aya, (This is a bad omen indeed). In the past they would have to be killed but today we cannot do it because we are afraid of the police.”
Eritrean men have been allegedly ordered to marry more than one wife
— Any man who does not do so, goes to jail according to reports
The government of Eritrea has reportedly ordered men in the country to marry at least two wives. This is said to be coming in order to ‘help’ the situation of shortage of men caused by enormous casualties suffered during the civil war with Ethiopia.
In the statement written in Arabic the government gave the assurance that it will give financial support to the polygamous marriages. Read the translated version in part as posted by sde.co.ke below:
“Based on the law of God in polygamy, and given the circumstances in which the country is experiencing in terms of men shortage, the Eritrean department of religious affairs has decided on the following :
”First that every man shall marry at least two women and the man who refuses to do so shall be subjected to life imprisonment with hard labour.
“The woman who tries to prevent her husband from marrying another wife shall be punished to life imprisonment,” alleged the activists in their translation.
May 1998 to June 2000 Eritrean-Ethiopian war saw 150,000 soldiers killed from either sides but having a bigger impact on male population in the tiny Eritrea nation who were then just million people in total.
A top Ethiopian government official has claimed the International Court of Arbitration Chamber of Commerce has dismissed a claim by PetroTrans that the Horn of Africa nation had unlawfully revoked its contracts.
Ethiopian authorities revoked the company’s exploration and development contracts, signed in 2011, saying PetroTrans had failed to carry out its contractual obligations.
The ministry of Mines, Petroleum and Natural Gas said the company had failed to commence work within the initial contractual timeframe. Minister Tolosa Shagi said after revising the date of commencement, the company still failed to start developing the gas project in time.
The Geneva Tribunal decided in favour of the Ethiopian ministry, rejecting PetroTrans’ request either to be reinstated or paid a compensation of $1.4 billion. Tolosa said the court passed its ruling on December 2015, but notified the litigants about the decision only last week. The case, which also resulted in the termination of other four agreements between the ministry and the Hong Kong-based firm, took three years to finalise. Tolosa said the verdict would set a precedent in the future in dealing with companies that flout contract regulations. The agreement, signed in July 2011 between the Ministry and PetroTrans gave the latter the right to explore and develop petroleum and natural gas in five blocks in the eastern part of the country. After revoking the agreement following the company’s failure to carry out its contractual obligations, the Ethiopian government awarded the project to a Chinese company, Poly-GCL in November 2013. Source: theafricareport
According to a damning confidential memo by Dr. Solomon Ungashe, one of the founders of the Oromo Media Network, circulating on Oromo online forums, Jawar Mohammed raised over $300,000 during the Oromo First campaign which was supposed to go to the coffers of OMN. Dr. Solomon Ungashe alleges that because Jawar and his wife Arfase Gamade were not willing to transfer the money only $20,000 was transferred to OMN from Jawar’s account. Apparently, one of the problems causing division in OMN is the issue of this money that melted away in Jawar and Arfase’s pockets. Jawar insisted that all the money raised during the Oromo First campaign was not raised for OMN but for himself. The memo reveals that OMN’s main problems are tied with the corrupt, dictatorial and manipulative tendencies of Jawar Mohammed.
“Once money was generated from Oromo communities, Arfase and I were assigned to see to it that the money was transferred to OMN account. This proved very difficult and OMN problem started at this point. Unbeknownst to us, Jawar Mohammed had created a parallel committee called Principal Coordinating Committee, PCC for short. Jawar and his wife Arfase were members of this committee. Mohammed Ademo asked Jawar what the role of the PCC was. He assured us its role is simply to collect the fund and transfer it to OMN. That proved to be false. Week after week and month after month Arfasse and Jawar who were supposed to talk to PCC members and transfer the money to OMN kept giving one reason after another for failing to do so. Out of more than $300,000 collected by Oromo community only $20,000 was transferred to OMN account. We were very frustrated,” Solomon wrote. Read full text of memo below.
1. In mid 2012, I convinced myself it was time to start a sustainable Oromo media. I reached at that conclusion because I observed that a handful of Internet radio programs and a few TV broadcasts had started in the Diaspora. This hinted to me there was sufficient manpower and expertise to establish a strong media. I discussed the proposal with some people including Abraham Mosisa, Israe’l Soboqaa, and Abdi Fixee; they all encouraged me to push the idea forward.
2. I next contacted Jawar Mohammed and Mohammed Ademo separately. Jawar was unhappy that I shared the idea with Mohammed Ademo but I did not understand the reason at the time.
3. Soon after that OMN core committee of nine members was established.
The members were: 1) Jawar Mohammed, 2) Arfase Gamada, 3)Girma Tadesse, 4) Micah Cirri, 5) Abdi Fiixee, 6) Ayyaantuu Tibeesso, 7) Mohammed Ademo, 8) Tigist Geme, and 9) Solomon Ungashe. Of these 9 members Ayyantuu Tibeesso was unable to take and we did not fill her place. We conducted once or twice weekly teleconferences to move the project forward.
4. In late 2012, I went to Oromia and one of my responsibilities was to establish OMN on the ground there. I was tasked to recruit journalists who will work for us as reporters either on a permanent basis or as part time freelancers. I was working very closely with Mohammed Ademo on this matter.
5. In Mid-2013 Mohammed Ademo told us at our weekly teleconference that there was an opportunity to get Oromo issue aired on Aljazeera. We discussed about it and delegated Mohammed Ademo and Jawar Mohammed to take part in it. That led to Jawar declaring, “I am Oromo First” on TV and that as we know became controversial
6. Shortly after that incident, Jawar suggested we should use Oromo First campaign to raise fund for OMN.
We all agreed and decided that other committee members must take part in the campaign too. The idea of me coming back to the US to take part in it was raised by Jawar himself but we decided against it because there were other things I was doing there and I also personal matters to attend to. So everybody else took part in the Oromo First campaign and we decided to end it in September 2013.
7. Once money was generated from Oromo communities, Arfase and I were assigned to see to it that the money was transferred to OMN account. This proved very difficult and OMN problem started at this point. Unbeknownst to us, Jawar Mohammed had created a parallel committee called Principal Coordinating Committee, PCC for short. Jawar and his wife Arfasse were members of this committee. Mohammed Ademo asked Jawar what the role of the PCC was. He assured us its role is simply to collect the fund and transfer it to OMN. That proved to be false. Week after week and month after month Arfasse and Jawar who were supposed to talk to PCC members and transfer the money to OMN kept giving one reason after another for failing to do so. Out of more than $300,000 collected by Oromo community only $20,000 was transferred to OMN account.We were very frustrated. ￼￼
8. Meanwhile, Mohammed Ademo drafted bylaws and code of conduct for OMN. They were all excellent. I suggested a minor change that was accepted. Only Jawar Mohammed disagreed on a clause pertaining to politics and media and promised he will write an alternative clause instead. We agreed. We waited for more than 6 six weeks but he never produced the alternative clause he had promised.
9. Then it was time to nominate people to be on Board of Trustees. Jawar Mohammed suggested that members of the PCC should take part in the nomination and we all agreed. A joint OMN-PCC teleconference was called. The PCC had 11 members including Jawar and Arfase.
The number of effective OMN members was hence 6. The discussion became the discussion of 6 against 11. The first topic to be discussed was criteria for selection of board members. A proposal was made by OMN founding member that those elected to be on board of trustees must not have a high level active participation in a political organization. All PCC members disagreed very strongly. There was no listening at all. The PCC did not come to discuss, they came to dictate and they had the vote to do whatever they wanted. They therefore handpicked Board members without participation from us.
10. Early on we had discussed we will hire a media professional for short term to help us lay the foundation in Minneapolis. We wanted that person to be someone who has TV background and practical experience and we were looking for such a person.
11. Immediately after the first PCC-OMN joint meeting, Jawar convened PCC meeting and they decided that he will quit his studies at Columbia and move to Minneapolis to lead the founding effort. That meant they have overturned our earlier decision to hire an expert in media affairs. Mohammed Ademo and I said we should instead hire an experienced person. We also argued because Jawar is a prominent person in Ethiopian politics, the idea of him running OMN, a supposedly independent media, does not sound right. The PCC members all agreed with what Jawar said and Mohammed Ademo and I resigned the next morning. Tigist Geme followed us shortly after that.
12. It is important to grasp this chain of events. Jawar Mohammed established a separate committee called PCC that his wife chaired. This committee controlled the fund raised from Oromo communities. Because of good will we never objected to PCC joining OMN committee in the selection of board of directors. That turned out to be a fatal mistake on our part. With that action, Jawar put himself in a position to single handedly pick OMN board and executive committee members.
13. Dr. Birhanu Dirbaba is supposedly the editor-in-chief for OMN. But in reality Jawar has been acting as the editor-in-chief as well. Dr. Birhanu had resigned once over disagreement with what Jawar has been doing. He was rehired again after a prolonged intense plea by OMN board members. There is no guarantee that he will not leave again.
14. Micah Cirrii, one of the founding members resigned from OMN less than two months ago protesting Jawar Mohammed’s dictatorial actions.
15. Girma Tadese, Arafase and Jawar have agreed to make Jawar the editor-in-chief of OMN. The few people remaining with OMN rejected this idea and that is why it has not been announced yet.
16. Contrary to what OMN has announced, Ahmed Yasin and Kadiro Elemo quit protesting Jawar Mohammed’s dictatorial behavior. It surprises me why people do not call them and ask what the truth is.
17. The exodus from OMN will continue unless solution is found immediately. The following actions are desperately needed. a. OMN board must appoint independent investigators. The investigators must speak to all parties concerned. b. Jawar’s role in the organization, and the pay he deserves must be decided and made public. c. A new executive director must be appointed in a transparent manner. Appointing someone hand picked by Jawar again is not going to solve the problem. d. The members of the Board of directors of a company are elected by people who invested in it. Oromo communities around the world are the investors in OMN. They should be the ones who can nominate and elect board of directors. This has to be codified in the OMN bylaws and implemented immediately.
Your mother and I don't yet have the words to describe the hope you give us for the future. Your new life is full of promise, and we hope you will be happy and healthy so you can explore it fully. You've already given us a reason to reflect on the world we hope you live in.
Like all parents, we want you to grow up in a world better than ours today.
While headlines often focus on what's wrong, in many ways the world is getting better. Health is improving. Poverty is shrinking. Knowledge is growing. People are connecting. Technological progress in every field means your life should be dramatically better than ours today.
We will do our part to make this happen, not only because we love you, but also because we have a moral responsibility to all children in the next generation.
We believe all lives have equal value, and that includes the many more people who will live in future generations than live today. Our society has an obligation to invest now to improve the lives of all those coming into this world, not just those already here.
But right now, we don't always collectively direct our resources at the biggest opportunities and problems your generation will face.
Consider disease. Today we spend about 50 times more as a society treating people who are sick than we invest in research so you won't get sick in the first place.
Medicine has only been a real science for less than 100 years, and we've already seen complete cures for some diseases and good progress for others. As technology accelerates, we have a real shot at preventing, curing or managing all or most of the rest in the next 100 years.
Today, most people die from five things -- heart disease, cancer, stroke, neurodegenerative and infectious diseases -- and we can make faster progress on these and other problems.
Once we recognize that your generation and your children's generation may not have to suffer from disease, we collectively have a responsibility to tilt our investments a bit more towards the future to make this reality. Your mother and I want to do our part.
Curing disease will take time. Over short periods of five or ten years, it may not seem like we're making much of a difference. But over the long term, seeds planted now will grow, and one day, you or your children will see what we can only imagine: a world without suffering from disease.
There are so many opportunities just like this. If society focuses more of its energy on these great challenges, we will leave your generation a much better world.
• • •
Our hopes for your generation focus on two ideas: advancing human potential and promoting equality.
Advancing human potential is about pushing the boundaries on how great a human life can be.
Can you learn and experience 100 times more than we do today?
Can our generation cure disease so you live much longer and healthier lives?
Can we connect the world so you have access to every idea, person and opportunity?
Can we harness more clean energy so you can invent things we can't conceive of today while protecting the environment?
Can we cultivate entrepreneurship so you can build any business and solve any challenge to grow peace and prosperity?
Promoting equality is about making sure everyone has access to these opportunities -- regardless of the nation, families or circumstances they are born into.
Our society must do this not only for justice or charity, but for the greatness of human progress.
Today we are robbed of the potential so many have to offer. The only way to achieve our full potential is to channel the talents, ideas and contributions of every person in the world.
Can our generation eliminate poverty and hunger?
Can we provide everyone with basic healthcare?
Can we build inclusive and welcoming communities?
Can we nurture peaceful and understanding relationships between people of all nations?
Can we truly empower everyone -- women, children, underrepresented minorities, immigrants and the unconnected?
If our generation makes the right investments, the answer to each of these questions can be yes -- and hopefully within your lifetime.
• • •
This mission -- advancing human potential and promoting equality -- will require a new approach for all working towards these goals.
We must make long term investments over 25, 50 or even 100 years. The greatest challenges require very long time horizons and cannot be solved by short term thinking.
We must engage directly with the people we serve. We can't empower people if we don't understand the needs and desires of their communities.
We must build technology to make change. Many institutions invest money in these challenges, but most progress comes from productivity gains through innovation.
We must participate in policy and advocacy to shape debates. Many institutions are unwilling to do this, but progress must be supported by movements to be sustainable.
We must back the strongest and most independent leaders in each field. Partnering with experts is more effective for the mission than trying to lead efforts ourselves.
We must take risks today to learn lessons for tomorrow. We're early in our learning and many things we try won't work, but we'll listen and learn and keep improving.
• • •
Our experience with personalized learning, internet access, and community education and health has shaped our philosophy.
Our generation grew up in classrooms where we all learned the same things at the same pace regardless of our interests or needs.
Your generation will set goals for what you want to become -- like an engineer, health worker, writer or community leader. You'll have technology that understands how you learn best and where you need to focus. You'll advance quickly in subjects that interest you most, and get as much help as you need in your most challenging areas. You'll explore topics that aren't even offered in schools today. Your teachers will also have better tools and data to help you achieve your goals.
Even better, students around the world will be able to use personalized learning tools over the internet, even if they don't live near good schools. Of course it will take more than technology to give everyone a fair start in life, but personalized learning can be one scalable way to give all children a better education and more equal opportunity.
We're starting to build this technology now, and the results are already promising. Not only do students perform better on tests, but they gain the skills and confidence to learn anything they want. And this journey is just beginning. The technology and teaching will rapidly improve every year you're in school.
Your mother and I have both taught students and we've seen what it takes to make this work. It will take working with the strongest leaders in education to help schools around the world adopt personalized learning. It will take engaging with communities, which is why we're starting in our San Francisco Bay Area community. It will take building new technology and trying new ideas. And it will take making mistakes and learning many lessons before achieving these goals.
But once we understand the world we can create for your generation, we have a responsibility as a society to focus our investments on the future to make this reality.
Together, we can do this. And when we do, personalized learning will not only help students in good schools, it will help provide more equal opportunity to anyone with an internet connection.
• • •
Many of the greatest opportunities for your generation will come from giving everyone access to the internet.
People often think of the internet as just for entertainment or communication. But for the majority of people in the world, the internet can be a lifeline.
It provides education if you don't live near a good school. It provides health information on how to avoid diseases or raise healthy children if you don't live near a doctor. It provides financial services if you don't live near a bank. It provides access to jobs and opportunities if you don't live in a good economy.
The internet is so important that for every 10 people who gain internet access, about one person is lifted out of poverty and about one new job is created.
Yet still more than half of the world's population -- more than 4 billion people -- don't have access to the internet.
If our generation connects them, we can lift hundreds of millions of people out of poverty. We can also help hundreds of millions of children get an education and save millions of lives by helping people avoid disease.
This is another long term effort that can be advanced by technology and partnership. It will take inventing new technology to make the internet more affordable and bring access to unconnected areas. It will take partnering with governments, non-profits and companies. It will take engaging with communities to understand what they need. Good people will have different views on the best path forward, and we will try many efforts before we succeed.
But together we can succeed and create a more equal world.
• • •
Technology can't solve problems by itself. Building a better world starts with building strong and healthy communities.
Children have the best opportunities when they can learn. And they learn best when they're healthy.
Health starts early -- with loving family, good nutrition and a safe, stable environment.
Children who face traumatic experiences early in life often develop less healthy minds and bodies. Studies show physical changes in brain development leading to lower cognitive ability.
Your mother is a doctor and educator, and she has seen this firsthand.
If you have an unhealthy childhood, it's difficult to reach your full potential.
If you have to wonder whether you'll have food or rent, or worry about abuse or crime, then it's difficult to reach your full potential.
If you fear you'll go to prison rather than college because of the color of your skin, or that your family will be deported because of your legal status, or that you may be a victim of violence because of your religion, sexual orientation or gender identity, then it's difficult to reach your full potential.
We need institutions that understand these issues are all connected. That's the philosophy of the new type of school your mother is building.
By partnering with schools, health centers, parent groups and local governments, and by ensuring all children are well fed and cared for starting young, we can start to treat these inequities as connected. Only then can we collectively start to give everyone an equal opportunity.
It will take many years to fully develop this model. But it's another example of how advancing human potential and promoting equality are tightly linked. If we want either, we must first build inclusive and healthy communities.
• • •
For your generation to live in a better world, there is so much more our generation can do.
Today your mother and I are committing to spend our lives doing our small part to help solve these challenges. I will continue to serve as Facebook's CEO for many, many years to come, but these issues are too important to wait until you or we are older to begin this work. By starting at a young age, we hope to see compounding benefits throughout our lives.
As you begin the next generation of the Chan Zuckerberg family, we also begin the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative to join people across the world to advance human potential and promote equality for all children in the next generation. Our initial areas of focus will be personalized learning, curing disease, connecting people and building strong communities.
We will give 99% of our Facebook shares -- currently about $45 billion -- during our lives to advance this mission. We know this is a small contribution compared to all the resources and talents of those already working on these issues. But we want to do what we can, working alongside many others.
We'll share more details in the coming months once we settle into our new family rhythm and return from our maternity and paternity leaves. We understand you'll have many questions about why and how we're doing this.
As we become parents and enter this next chapter of our lives, we want to share our deep appreciation for everyone who makes this possible.
We can do this work only because we have a strong global community behind us. Building Facebook has created resources to improve the world for the next generation. Every member of the Facebook community is playing a part in this work.
We can make progress towards these opportunities only by standing on the shoulders of experts -- our mentors, partners and many incredible people whose contributions built these fields.
And we can only focus on serving this community and this mission because we are surrounded by loving family, supportive friends and amazing colleagues. We hope you will have such deep and inspiring relationships in your life too.
Max, we love you and feel a great responsibility to leave the world a better place for you and all children. We wish you a life filled with the same love, hope and joy you give us. We can't wait to see what you bring to this world.
AFRICANGLOBE – Ethiopian Prime Minister, Hailemariam Desalegn, has told a local private newspaper that Saudi Arabia and the UAE will bear the consequences of Ethiopia’s response if their operation in and around Eritrea’s Port of Assab supports the ‘Eritrean regime’s destabilization agenda against Ethiopia.’ He made the remarks after a recent United Nations monitoring group report indicates that Saudi Arabia and the UAE have leased the Port of Assab for 30 years from the Eritrean government in their coalition to fight the Houthis in Yemen.
“They have assured us that they would not be engaged in activities that would endanger the peace and security of Ethiopia. They have said this is only a choice of tactical convenience to their operation in Yemen and that they would evacuate the area as soon as the mission is completed,” Hailemariam told The Reporter newspaper. “We have also stressed that they will bear the consequences of our response if their operation in the area supports the Eritrean regime’s destabilization agenda against Ethiopia. Although we understand their objective, we were not consulted before the countries reached to this agreement.”
New Television show to enhance Ethiopians finance and business literacy is to begin soon, according to Capital.
The new TV show’s title is “Nurona Bizness,” literally translated as “Life and Business,” and it will be aired in Amharic on Ethiopian Broadcasting Corporate’s main channel EBC 1.
The show is part of EBC’s new programming conducted in partnership with Abega Management, producer of the Show to provide the audience with content and alternatives.
Abega Management has finalized preparations to start the first airing of the show on November 27, 2015.
Concerning content selection and production of the show, Yebegashet Alemayehu, Manager of Abega Management, has over 20 years of experience in media and financial management in Ethiopia and overseas.
The show will be instrumental in equipping Ethiopians to make better financial decisions, appreciate their right and responsibilities as customers and understand and manage risk, Yebegashet said. He also said the show will provide elements for job hunters on the challenges and ways of getting financially profitable and personally satisfying jobs.
The 40 minutes show is scheduled to be aired every Friday after 10 PM news on EBC 1.
An Uber driver in North Carolina said a passenger attacked and threatened to shoot him over the weekend because the man believed he was Muslim.
Samson Woldemichael, who came to the U.S. eight years ago from Ethiopia, said he picked up the passenger early Sunday morning from a Charlotte bar and set off to the man’s home about 10 miles away, reported WBTV-TV.
The man became belligerent when they arrived at his home and threatened to shoot Woldemichael in the face and strangle him before hurling anti-Muslim slurs and profanity at the driver.
“He asked me if I was a Muslim, (and) I said I was not a Muslim,” Woldemichael said. “I was driving and he hit me while I was driving.”
Woldemichael, who said he is Christian, said he did not know why the man assumed he was Muslim or why that made him so angry.
“I told him in the first place I was not a Muslim, (but) it’s not right to generalize people and do that,” he said.
Woldemichael said the man refused to get out of the car after threatening to kill him, and he demanded the driver get out.
The driver said he was afraid to park, so he drove around the block until the passenger struck him hard in the forehead, nearly knocking him out, and the man continued hitting him in the head.
Woldemichael said he stopped and started honking his horn to attract attention, and he said the passenger jumped out of the car and again threatened to shoot the driver.
“He was saying he would shoot me and he was acting like he’s hiding his hand in his back, so he was acting like he was armed,” said Woldemichael, who drove away at that point and called 911.
Uber passengers pay up front with their credit cards, and Woldemichael is hoping police are able to track down the man who attacked him.
So far, no arrests have been made.
Woldemichael said he wished some Americans weren’t so afraid of immigrants like himself.
“There are people who are not originally from here but who are really Americans in their hearts,” he said. “They love the system. They love the country and they want to protect the system here, and they want to raise their kids peacefully with the existing system. They believe in America, so it’s better to work with them than generalizing them and attacking them.”
Ethiopian-Americans in Denver and other U.S. cities are demanding that a Swiss wristwatch owned by the late Emperor Haile Selassie be returned to his royal descendants.
They’ve been working with Selassie’s grandson to persuade the auction house Christie’s to halt a scheduled sale. Late Monday, Christie’s officials agreed to withdraw the watch, which is valued between $520,000 and $1 million.
Selassie died in 1975 after a Marxist coup in which soldiers plundered his property.
“We are honestly shocked that a prestigious and reputable auction house will want to get involved with the sale of this watch,” said a letter to Christie’s from the Society of Ethiopians in Colorado, home to an estimated 30,000 Ethiopian-Americans.
“He loved this watch so much that he wore it on few occasions until his suspicious death in 1975. All of his property was stolen or confiscated by heartless junior military officers of Communist Ethiopia,” society spokesman Girum Alemayehu said in the letter.
Ethiopian-Americans regard the auctioning of Selassie’s watch with “outrage” because it was seized “without due process of law,” grandson Prince Ermias Sahle Selassie said in an e-mail from Washington D.C.
“We know that other personal items have been taken and probably sold. … Knowing the history of what transpired in Ethiopia, it is perplexing why such a reputable firm such as Christie’s would not say who the customer is who is the owner,” Prince Ermias said.
Wide concerns about re-sale of war plunder, arising around British colonial removal of Greek marbles and seizures during World War II, have led to increasing demands for return of property taken by enemy forces. Italy was forced to return a 3,000-year-old obelisk taken during Mussolini’s invasion of Ethiopia.
Ethiopia’s prime minister has told the BBC he is not afraid of criticism from journalists, despite the country’s reputation for stifling free speech.
“Free media is very essential for the democratic process and… development,” Hailemariam Desalegn said. He insisted some bloggers and reporters arrested last year were not real journalists and had terror links. Charges of terrorism have been dropped against all of the so-called Zone 9 bloggers.
Five were freed in July after more than a year in jail ahead of US President Barack Obama’s visit; the other four were acquitted of terrorism charges by a court last month.
The Zone 9 website had carried pieces critical of the government.
‘We are not perfect’
But Mr Hailemariam said that their profession had not prompted their arrests, rather evidence linking them to groups wanting to destabilise the government.
ETHIOPIA— Witnesses in Durban, South Africa, say six people of Ethiopian origin have been killed in alleged xenophobic attacks over the past week.
Yonas Fikru, an Ethiopian businessman in Durban, says he knew all six victims, all of them men in their 20s who he says used to hang out at his shop.
He says they were killed in separate incidents, mostly during daylight hours, by South Africans.
“They just come, steal and attack. In fact, the body of one of the victims is about to be sent to back home … they doused his body in kerosene and killed him. But there were two others who were killed before him,” Fikru told VOA’s Horn of Africa Service in an interview Friday. “[The attackers] didn’t steal anything from them. They just came and killed them.”
Tegegne Aboye, another member of the Ethiopian community in Durban, said locals have tried multiple times to report incidents to the police but “it always falls on deaf ears.”
“The killer vigilante mobs are thinking that it is their right to do what they are doing,” he said. “Even when they are caught or when someone point out criminals, we see them released shortly. Some of them steal and we see them coming out the next day and committing more crime.”
Aboye said the Ethiopian embassy has not given enough help.
“We see our brothers getting killed, doused with a three-liter jerrican of kerosene, and no one is helping us when this happens,” he said. “We haven’t seen anyone sticking up for Ethiopian citizens here.”
VOA attempts to contact South African police about the cases received no response by the time of publication.
South Africa has experienced recurring bouts of attacks against foreigners in recent years. Poor South Africans blame the immigrants for taking jobs and contributing to crime.
Sudanese national shouting ‘Allah Akhbar’ reportedly attempted to strangle the Israeli on a flight from Chad to Ethiopia.
Barak Ravid, haaretz.com
An Israeli citizen was attacked by a Sudanese Muslim on an Ethiopian Airlines flight from Chad to Ethiopia last week, the Foreign Ministry said on Tuesday night. “The Sudanese attacker was detained by the Ethiopian police when the plane landed in Addis Ababa and remains in custody,” the ministry said. Ethiopian Airlines identified the attacker in a statement as Ahmed Alsheikhidris Mohamed
The Israeli embassy in Addis Ababa has been notified by the local authorities. The incident was first reported by the Ynet website. The 54-year-old Israeli, who was identified as Arik Zenouda, said that the Sudanese national attacked from behind and tried to strangle him when the plane began its descent into Addis Ababa “He hit me on the head with a metal tray, shouting ‘Allah Akhbar’ amd ‘Itbach al Yehud,'” Arik told Ynet. “In the beginning I was unable to make a sound or call for help. It was only after a few seconds, when I was on the verge of losing consciousness, that I managed to scream. A stewardess saw what was going on and called other members of the cabin crew. “Even after they distanced him from me, he tried to hit me and shouted in Arabic. Some of the cabin crew took me to the back of the plane while others guarded him in the front.” Ethiopian Airlines said in a statement that the attacker didn’t show any signs of violence prior to boarding the flight. “He didn’t only attack the Israeli passenger, but other passengers and crew members as well,” the statement said, adding that the attacker has been banned from flying with the company again. Ethiopian Airlines apologized for the incident, and noted that since it started its activities in Israel, no Israeli passengers have been subject to violence on its flights. read more: http://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/1.684041
The 15 best quips from Anthony Bourdain's tour of Ethiopia.
Traveling from the humming streets of Addis Ababa to rural villages, the latest episode of CNN's series Parts Unknown spans history, culture, and heritage to debunk myths and discover where Ethiopia stands as a country today. According to host Anthony Bourdain, the country is undergoing renewed economic growth "fueled largely by direct foreign investment and a returning Ethiopian diaspora." And appropriate to that theme, New York City chef Marcus Samuelsson and his wife, model Maya Haile, act as Bourdain's guides.
Samuelsson's exploration of his own sense of place plays a major role in the episode. His relationship to Ethiopia is a complex one. Samuelsson was born to a farming family in a rural Ethiopian village in the 1970s and contracted tuberculosis at the age of two. In a last-ditch effort to save her children, Samuelsson's mother walked him and his sister 75 miles to a Swedish hospital in Addis Ababa for treatment. She later died, but Samuelsson and his sister recovered and were adopted by a Swedish couple. Then, at an early age, Samuelsson moved to New York City, where he established himself as an expert chef.
"I always find it such a paradox that I was born into very little food, but yet I've made my whole life about food," he says. "My structure and pragmatism comes from being raised in Sweden. And my sort of vibrancy and warmth to cooking and feel-based food that I love comes definitely from here[Ethiopia]." Samuelsson has since reconnected with his birth father and has forged even more Ethiopian ties through marriage; Maya was born and raised in Ethiopia and has a strong grasp on the language and customs. From skate parks to tej bars and sheep slaughtering ceremonies, the group explores what it means to be a modern Ethiopian.
Here now, the 15 best Bourdain quips from his Ethiopian sojourn:
(CNN)If there was ever a country that embodied the optimism of the "Africa rising" narrative, it would be Ethiopia. The economy of Africa's second-most populated country has for the past decade grown at an average of 10.8% every year.
Like every other country in the world, Ethiopia has room for improvement. Despite the pace of economic growth, Ethiopia remains one of the world's poorest countries, with an income per person of $550.
Barack Obama in Addis Ababa, on July 27, 2015.
The country's human rights record has also come under criticism, with Obama remarking on restrictions to freedom of speech, press and political association.President Obama said: "When all voices are being heard, when people know they are being included in the political process that makes a country more successful." In response to previous criticism from the State Department, the Ethiopian government responded by calling the human rights country report "unfounded accusations that can barely survive close inspection".
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (CNN)In Addis Ababa, a city of over 4 million people, the more traditional way of getting around has been in mini vans -- a cross between a bus and a taxi, that picks people up and drops them wherever they want to go.
But now, a newly opened urban metro service is set to transform the way people in Ethiopia's capital get to work.
The $475 million Light Rail Project is a joint venture between Ethiopia and China and the first of its kind for the city and sub-Saharan Africa..
"There has been a lot of positive economic development in the last 20 years," Dr Getachew Betru, CEO of Ethiopian Railways Corporation, told CNN.
At the moment that means taking 60,000 people who live in the suburbs and bringing them towards the center to work: "You would not imagine to have that in a sub-Saharan city".
Now passengers can hop aboard two lines that connect the east and west and north and south.
Tickets cost up to 6 bir, around $0.27, and trains run between 6AM and midnight.
"It's really exciting" says Behailu Sintayehu, Manager of the Light Rail Project. "Recalling the situation 3 years ago, it didn't feel like it would happen like this. We are in a hurry to open up the other line as soon as possible."
For Sintayehu, the best part was the cooperation between the governments and the citizens: "The railway project came into the picture just after 100 years."
The energy used for the metro service is generated from big dams, located all over the country: "We do not share the power from the city of Addis and also we will not have continuous interruptions or power shortage problems" adds Sintayehu.
The initial stage of the operation is being overseen by the Chinese company Shenzen, as an exchange of skills and culture between Chinese and Ethiopian workers.
Once completed, the light rail will connect up with the national train system of Ethiopia, and by 2025 there will be 5 thousand kilometers of track across the whole of the country.
The long term goal is not just to connect Ethiopia, but to see the country connected to Djibouti, Sudan and Gabon.
Science News magazine has named brothers Benyam and Isaac Kinde among the world’s ten up-and-coming scientists who are likely to make lasting impact in their fields.
Benyam Kinde(Right): Benyam Kinde studies how genetic changes affect brain cells’ activity in Rett syndrome.
Isaac Kinde(Left): He helped create a technology that can spot cancers early to give patients a better chance at survival.
Just as in baseball, politics and Hollywood, science has its up-and-coming stars. They just don’t always get as much publicity as, say, Bryce Harper or Lupita Nyong’o. Most scientists are lucky to get a media mention as a name attached to a discovery. But their personal stories and change-the-world goals are worth some attention.
To identify some of the early-career scientists on their way to more widespread acclaim, Science News surveyed 30 Nobel Prize winners to learn whose work has caught their attention. From those names, Science News editors chose 10 to feature in this special report. All have demonstrated high-caliber research leading to noteworthy achievements.
The good news is our list could have been longer. The researchers on these pages are representatives of a much greater number of young people likely to turn up prominently in a future issue of Science News as they pursue a diverse array of ambitious research questions.
On Friday, residents of the Ethiopian town of Bereket, about 70km northwest of the Ethiopian border town of Humera, reported heavy fighting between the rebels and Eritrean government forces. A story carried by the Sudanese Arabic-language Farajat online also published photos of the scores of the Ethiopian rebels being checked by Sudanese security officers.
The TPDM forces wiped out Eritrean forces near Omhajer, and later at Seq al-Ketir before heading to Hamdait, all Sudanese towns. There were many casualties from both sides, Ethiopian TV reported on Sunday, without giving details. The rebels crossed the border to Ethiopia via Humera and Dima towns.
The heavily-armed Ethiopian rebels were welcomed with open arms by Ethiopian government forces near the border, the TV said.
The bulk of the TPDM force, including its leader, Molla Asgedom, has entered Ethiopia, but many small groups of TPDM were also either in the hands of Sudanese security or were still heading to Ethiopia in different directions.
TPDM, which was the largest rebel force in Eritrea, and its return to Ethiopia, which was expected to fight against and overthrow the regime in Addis, remains a huge blow to the Eritrean regime of President Isaias Afewerki, which was using the rebel group as its own shield against Eritrean uprising.
In fact, observers say let alone the tiny groups of Ethiopian rebels remaining in Eritrea, the Asmara regime itself is at risk of losing power as it has lost its most trusted force, (TPDM), which it had built as its own weapon against domestic unrest. Arrests are being made within the ranks of the army and security, according to the sources reaching Ethiomedia.com.
Both Addis and Asmara have been using proxy forces to divert their own respective crises, and according to analysts, any major conflict between the two governments due to the latest crisis in Eritrea remains remote as war would only lead to the subsequent downfall of each regime.
Mekelle University today awarded honorary doctorates to four distinguished individuals on its 23 graduation ceremony. The awardees are Tigrigna music icon Kiros Alemayehu, rock star and Irish humanitarian Sir Bob Geldof and Max and Kathryn Robinson, founders of Nicholas Robinson School in Mek’ele city.
Kiros Alemayehu, was a songwriter, singer and influential artist that is dubbed asthe king of Tigrigna music by many. He popularized Tigrigna songs through his albums to the non-Tigrigna speaking Ethiopians. A memorial library is under construction in Wukro near his birthplace. Kiros’s wife and sons received the award on behalf of him.
Sir Bob Geldof, an Irish singer-songwriter, author and international activist, is widely recognized for responding to a BBC newsreport from Michael Buerkabout the famine in Ethiopia by mobilizing the world to do something through his organization, Band Aid.
Geldof wasn’t present to receive the award but made an acceptance speech read for him in which he said he is proud that his name is associated with Ethiopia. His award was given to him through two Ethiopian representatives that are survivors of the famine for which his role was honored.
Max and Kathryn Robinson are being honored for the school they founded twelve years ago. The British couple started a school primarily for children of disabled veterans of the armed struggle against the military regime. They received their award in person and Mr. Robinson made his acceptance speech in Amharic to the delight and applause of the graduating students.
The couple set up a foundation, Rainbows for Children, that has built a school with the help of the Tigray Disabled Veteran’s Association (TDVA) to provide education primarily for children of disabled veterans who were unable to support and educate their children until Kathryn and Max stepped in. Since then a primary and secondary school have been constructed and construction is underway on a special needs unit while construction for a technical school is to begin next year.
The patron of the foundation, Rainbows4children, is the renowned BBC journalist, Michael Buerk, who was awarded the Golden Nymph award at the Monte Carlo festival for his reports on the famine from Korem in Ethiopia, first broadcast on 23 October 1984.
In the 1870s Japanese public intellectual Yukichi Fukuzawa shocked his audience by stating that he thought Japan should leave poor Asia and join the modern world. Japan in those days was going through a phase of rapid change, which would eventually lead to Japan becoming a modern nation and the leading nation in Asia.
Yukichi Fukuzawa, who founded a university and Japan's first daily newspaper, travelled extensively in America and Europe, and his books about the development of the West became bestsellers in Japan.
The provocative, brave ideas of Yukichi Fukuzawa angered many Japanese, but more important, inspired millions of his countrymen to support Japan's modernization effort, thereby improving people's lives. How does this story of 150 years ago in a very different part in the world, connect to Ethiopia and Africa?
Over the last decade, several African countries have made impressive progress in growing their economies and to some extent, reducing the poverty of their populations.
Ethiopia has been one of them. Economic growth has in some years reached ten percent, and poverty has been reduced from about 70 percent of the population at the beginning of the 1980s to about 35 percent now, all in the context of a rapidly growing population. After centuries of limited wealth for only a small elite amidst mass poverty, should this improvement come as a surprise? Not really. I'll explain.
For years scholars and politicians have thought that poor countries could not become richer because the rich countries kept them down.
However, the rise of the poor countries in Asia over the last half a century, has falsified this theory. Many Asian countries have reached high or middle-income status, thereby joining, each in their own way, the modern world. How was this possible? Why did countries in Asia become substantially richer, whereas countries in Africa did not?
Breaking news: Teddy Afro and Gossaye Tesfaye didn’t receive the US visa on time for ESFNA tournament
As US scrambles to address visa backlog, international musicians are out of luck. In recent weeks, cultural events across the US had to cope with the sudden disappearance of international performers from their lineups. The Peruvian electronic psychedelic band Dengue Dengue Dengue! was one of many musical groups forced to cancel performances when its members failed to receive US visas in time. The problem stemmed from a hardware glitch at the State Department. The Nigerian musician Sunny Adé, for example, had to cancel a US tour when his band’s visas didn’t come through in time. So did the Peruvian electronic psychedelic band Dengue Dengue Dengue! And Chicago’s Grant Park Music Festival abruptly lost all four of its British vocal soloists — leaving their replacements just one week to learn the music. The cause for all this cultural chaos? A hardware problem at the State Department that prevented the US from issuing visas for more than two weeks. It didn’t just affect musicians. It affected all visa applicants, including tech employees and temporary agricultural workers. “What we’re hearing is that all the embassies are back online now,” says attorney Matthew Covey, whose consulting firm, Tamizdat, helps foreign performers get US visas. “The hardware problem is supposedly solved.”
The State Department said 335,000 visa applications were received while the system was down. Most of those have reportedly been processed — but Covey points out that the “ripple effects” may persist in coming months. For example, Covey works with a British band that doesn’t need a US visa until mid-July. The question is how to get them the visa, since that they’re on the road until then. “Logistically, it’s kind of a nightmare,” Covey says. The immigration process for musicians is always tedious, but it’s usually straightforward enough. “When the system works, which most of the time is the case, it’s nothing more than bureaucratic hoops and a fair amount of expense,” Covey says. But when things do go wrong, immigration restrictions can have huge implications for the movement of musicians across the world.“The kinds of delays you can see can stretch for weeks to months to, in some cases, years,” Covey says. “And that certainly can shut down an artist’s career in the US.”
President Barack Obama’s upcoming visit to Ethiopia in July—the first visit for a sitting U.S. President— is an exciting moment for Ethiopian Americans in Seattle, and gives hope the attention will help erase the negative and outdated stereotypes of the African nation.
“It highlights how Ethiopia has taken the leading role to become a safe place to invest,” said Ezra Teshome, a successful Ethopian American businessman in Seattle.
While the U.S. was one of the most generous countries to Ethiopia in its dismal past,Ethiopians now in the U.S. hope Obama’s historic visit will start a new era of partnership in investment and trading between the two nations.
“It’s exciting to see a sitting a president to set foot in Ethiopia,” said Teshome, who came to the United States in 1971. “To me, seeing the first African American president visiting Ethiopia is very exciting.”
The White House announced last Friday that POTUS will be visiting Ethiopia in late July. The president plans to visit Ethiopia and the African Union headquarters in Addis Ababa, according to the announcement. The trip to Ethiopia will follow the president’s visit to Kenya.
The White House added that the visit underscores US efforts to work with “sub-Saharan Africa to accelerate economic growth, strengthen democratic institutions, and improve security.”
While Obama had visited Ethiopia in 2006 as a senator, the presidential visit now is being welcomed by Ethiopian Americans living in Seattle.
Teshome noted the progress and modernization in Ethiopia over the past decade.
“I see tremendous changes in Ethiopia in terms of the economic growth, infrastructure such as roads and light rail system being built and major freeway being built connecting Addis to Djibouti,” he said.
“The government has done some good, some bad, but overall there is a tremendous, encouraging progress in the economy,” Teshome said.
Similarly, Elias Godifay a Ph.D student in Finance at Northcentral University and an accounting teacher at North Seattle College at also has hopes that Obama’s visit will bring some positive attention to Ethiopia.
“What this means is, specially from the US side, it’ll open eyes to really invest and see with a new eye what Ethiopia is like right now and kind of leave the stereotype they (investors) have about Ethiopia.”
Godifay, who has been in the U.S. since 2003, says that U.S. investors seem to have retained old stereotypes of Ethiopia.
Godifay says Ethiopia is attracting a lot of Foreign Direct Investment from Asia and Europe but the US is lagging behind. He hopes the Obama visit to Ethiopia will make a difference.
“A time has come to give attention to Africa,” said Godifay. “Africa has been neglected for so many years because of inflated risks or some risks that don’t even exist such as political instability, lack of infrastructure and low return-on-investment.”
He thinks the visit will give a lesson to the entire world and mainly fellow Americans “who are behind the game when it comes to engaging and investing in Africa.”
Abel Ghirmai immigrated from Ethiopia more than 20 years ago and now works with immigrants through the city’s Ready to Work Initiative, says with the president’s “Power Africa” initiative and this upcoming visit, it’s now Obama’s moment to accomplish tangible benefits to Africa, much like the people who preceded him in office.
“Obama’s predecessors Bill Clinton and George Bush have really accomplished some tangible things. Bill Clinton did the AGOA (African Growth Opportunity Act) that significantly helped African nations. Also George Bush combated the HIV AIDS” epidemic, which Ghirmai noted had effective results.
The visit has not been without its critics, particularly those concerned about the free press. For example, the May 24 Ethiopian General Election showed a 100 percent election victory for the ruling party winning 546 of the 547 parliamentary seats, according to Ethiopian newspaper Addis Standard, was received with suspicion.
Kenneth Roth, the Executive Director for Human Rights Watch expressed his dismay on Twitter.
However, Godifay, Ghirmai and Teshome said avoiding Ethiopia wouldn’t improve the issues of human rights and freedom of the press in that country.
“I think they may have some points but the absence of Obama’s visit doesn’t mean it will improve the situation. Probably not. I’d rather see him go and open a dialogue with the government to address the issues,” Teshome said.
The dispute between the radio station and EBA revolve around a popular radio show EthiopikaLink, which is run by journalist Birhane Nigussie and known for its insider stories, among others.
EBA had issued an ultimatum, at the beginning of last week, demanding the radio take-down EthiopikaLink or face closure. The radio station, however, refused to comply claiming the order is unconstitutional and undermines the integrity of the station.
An editor of the show, speaking in a private conversation last December, had toldHornAffairs that they are pleased with their current editorial independence. It appears Mimi Sebhatu is trying to live up to that perception by refusing to take down the program.
According to sources in the radio station, EBA’s displeasure with the show is related to a segment on Artist Daniel Tegegn, about whom unpleasant details were presented.
HornAffairs was not able to confirm the details as EBA’s chief was not immediately available, while Mimi Sebhatu politely declined to comment on the matter without confirming or denying anything.
Nevertheless, the sources asserted that there has been a long paper trail between EBA and the radio station – most of which were CC’d to several senior officials, including the Prime Minister’s office.
The radio station announced to its staff this morning that its services will be halted at 2 pm, in compliance with EBA’s orders.
Yet, the radio was still on air at the writing of this news. Which is indicative of differences of opinions in the power corridors, which might have paused the orders for shut down .
FM 90.7 was one of the first two FM radios launched nine years ago. It was widely considered as a loosening of the tight grip on electronic media. Yet, so far, only two more FM radios had been licensed and that happened last year.
The radio is perceived as pro-government and. apparently for that very reason, it was denied the opportunity to host a British funded 6.3 million dollars worth show. Yet, ruling party officials often grumble about the segments aired on the radio.
The move to close the FM radio, if it materializes, would signal the final chapter in the history of Ethiopian private media.
Addis Ababa — The capital of Ethiopia's northern Tigray region, Mekelle, has banned smoking in public areas, making it the first Ethiopian city to implement a tobacco control proclamation bill passed by parliament last year.
Ethiopian lawmakers last year unanimously passed a law prohibiting smoking in public as part of national efforts to discourage the practice and curb tobacco-related illnesses.
The ban, which has been welcomed by the wider public, also intends to help reduce exposure to secondhand smoke.
The new law restricts smoking in public areas, including bars and restaurants and will also be banned in open-air spaces, including sports venues, schools, hospitals, health centres, and other areas where cultural and religious events take place.
The law requires all public and private institutions to post a "No Smoking" sign within full view of patrons and also forbids media from advertising or promoting of tobacco products.
According to sources in Mekelle, individuals caught violating the regulations will be fined $50, while bar owners who fail to enforce the new laws will face a $150 fine.
Approached by Sudan Tribune, residents in Addis Ababa commended the move taken by the city and called on authorities in the capital and elsewhere to follow Mekelle's lead and introduce similar restrictions.
Young Ethiopians usually start smoking while still in high school due to peer pressure among friends, although the prevalence significantly increasing among students at colleges and universities.
"Most students begin smoking cigarettes and chewing Chat a few months after joining college and I sometimes feel like the colleges are turning into addiction-teaching institutions," said Kifle lemma, a third-year student at Addis Ababa university.
Another student, who is himself a smoker, said he believes the new law will push him and other smokers to cut their daily consumption of tobacco, while also helping curb passive smoking and discourage those intending to take up the habit.
With a population of some 94 million, Ethiopia, which is Africa's second most populous nation, is considered to have one of the lowest smoking rates globally.
However, the country still sees tobacco as a growing public health concern.
Recent figures show that the Horn of Africa's nation has an estimated 2.5 million smokers.
According to a 2012 study by the World Lung Foundation, the number of cigarettes smoked per adult per year in Ethiopia is only 62 cigarettes, well down on those in heavy smoking countries such as Serbia, which consumes more than 2,800.
According to the Ethiopian News Agency, Ethiopia is building a rocket launching station in Tigrai state. In addition to the launching station two underground stations to help with testing and other preparations are being built at the same time.
The station will be able to launch rockets up to 30 kilometers in to space. The manager of the project Engineer Mulualem HialeMariam stated there are sixty engineers working 24 hours to complete the project successfully. Testing of the system of the rocket will be finalized in the underground stations at the end of July.
The project is called Alpha Meles named after the late Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi
Mekelle Institute of Technology, Mesfin Industrial Engineering, Mesebo Cement factory, local private companies and the Metals, Engineering Corporation and private companies are involved on designing and manufacturing of different parts of the station.
Last year Ethiopia officially announced it has established a apace program in order to launch it's own satellites to space. The Entoto Observatory and Research Center was established by 32 public universities in 2013. There are other observatories and research centers in other parts of Ethiopia related to space and space studies. Ethiopia is building a rocket launching station in Tigrai state similar to the above photo.
In Addis Ababa, Ban hails new UN facility as symbol of shared ‘strong desire for peace’
ADDIS ABABA, Oct 29 (NNN-ENA) -- The United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) has become the third largest UN duty station after New York and Geneva in terms of building portfolio, with the inauguration of a new office facility for the regional organization at the ECA compound in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, Tuesday.
The facility will house the United Nations Office to the African Union (UNOAU), the United Nations Mission in Darfur (UNAMID), United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS), World Health Organization (WHO), and United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) representation to the AU Commission and ECA.
Speaking at the inauguration of the new building, Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Dessalegn noted that the continent, which was struggling against colonialism and apartheid during the establishment of the ECA in 1958, was now witnessing development.
Today, Africa has liberated itself from colonialism and embarked upon an era of development, stability and good governance, he noted. "It is for this reason that I am hopeful that this building would herald the consolidation and realization' of this new chapter- an era of African Renaissance," he said. "Africa is now in a new beginning, as is witnessed in the good performance of many African economies."
However, despite the progress, Africa still faced major challenges related to its institutional weakness, he added, citing the Ebola crisis as an example.
He said effective support from the international community would help Africa attain development. "I am of the view that with a more effective international partnership for development, Africa has a great possibility in attaining its renaissance."
In his keynote speech, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon said the opening of the new facility would help to bring the UN staff together thereby harmonizing UN operations. "Most of all, it means the United Nations is better placed to deliver better results," he added. “With the completion of the new facility, we take an important step towards a future of dignity, prosperity and peace."
Noting that the ECA compound had a rich history, the Secretary-General said Africa Hall, a gift from Ethiopia upon the establishment of the ECA in 1958, had seen memorable events, including the founding of the Organization of African Unity (OAU), the precursor of the African Union (AU), more than half a century ago.
"Thanks to this new facility, we have been able to cater for growing demand for office space and increase the number of staff working in the compound to more than1, 000." said ECA Executive Secretary Carlos Lopes.
Established as one of the UN's five regional commissions, the ECA's mandate is to promote the economic and social development of its member States, foster intra-regional integration, and promote international co-operation for Africa's development.
Over 200 Eritrean refugees are crossing the heavily fortified and dangerous border into neighbouring Ethiopia daily, the United Nations said in a report noting a "spike" in those fleeing.
Tens of thousands of people have fled the Horn of Africa country, escaping open-ended conscription and the iron-grip rule of President Issaias Afewerki, with many continuing northwards to brave the often harrowing journey towards Europe.
"The number of daily refugee arrivals spiked since the first week of September," the October report from the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) read.
"At present, more than 200 Eritreans cross the Ethiopian border each day."
Over 3,500 Eritreans have fled into northern Ethiopia in the past two months, taking the total to over 104,000 Eritrean refugees in the country.
No reason was given for the rise in numbers, but reports by rights groups say people are struggling under Asmara's repressive government.
Thousands have also fled into Sudan, although the UN in July reported that Khartoum has forced some to return.
Eritrea broke away from Ethiopia in 1991, and the countries went to war in 1998-2000. They remain bitter enemies, with their troops still eyeing each other along the fortified frontier.
The two are at odds over the flashpoint town of Badme, awarded to Eritrea by a UN-backed boundary commission but still controlled by Ethiopia. Eritrea, with a coastline on the Red Sea, has a population of about five million people.
Local media reported that BNP Paribas, Deutsche Bank and JP Morgan have been selected to manage the bond sales.
World Bulletin/News Desk
Ethiopia is planning to build two more hydro-electric dams over the southern Omo River on border with Kenya for generating electricity, an Ethiopian spokesman said Saturday.
"Gilgel Gibe IV and V hydro-electric dams will be part of Ethiopia's next big projects during the next five-year national plan," Bizuneh Tolcha, spokesman for the Water Ministry, told Anadolu Agency.
He said the two dams will have the capacity to generate 2,050 megawatts of electricity.
"Some 1450 megawatts of the total electric power will be produced by Gilgel Gibe IV while Gilgel Gibe V will generate the remaining," he said.
Tolcha said that the cost of the two dams will be announced "when the assessment is completed".
Ethiopia has begun to sell bonds in the capital market as to generate funds for its mega-projects.
Local media reported Friday that BNP Paribas, Deutsche Bank and JP Morgan have been selected to manage the bond sales.
Ethiopia built the Gilgel Gibe I on the Omo River in 2004. The dam has an electric output of 184 megawatts.
Gilgel Gibe II was inaugurated in 2010 and 80 percent of the construction has been finalized.
Kenyan activists have been lobbying against the construction of Gilgel Gibe dams on the ground that it will significantly impact the lives of communities around Lake Turkana – a claim denied by Ethiopian government.
Ethiopia has the potential to produce more than 45,000 megawatts of electricity from hydro-power.
“There are other hydro-electric projects being considered," Tolcha said.
Ethiopia is planning to build a number of dams for electricity generation, including a controversial hydroelectric dam on the Nile's upper reaches, which has strained relations with Egypt.
Ethiopia says it needs the dam to generate badly-needed energy. Egypt, for its part, fears the dam will reduce its traditional share of the Nile River – its main source of water.
Addis Ababa insists the new dam will benefit downstream states Egypt and Sudan, both of which will be invited to purchase the electricity thus generated.
Ethiopian authorities also commenced the construction of the Geba dam in September of this year in western Ethiopia at a cost of $583 million.
GUBA, Ethiopia — There is a remote stretch of land in Ethiopia’s forested northwest where the dust never settles. All week, day and night, thousands of workers pulverize rocks and lay concrete along a major tributary of the Nile River. It is the site of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, the continent’s biggest hydropower plant and one of the most ambitious infrastructure projects ever in Africa.
Ethiopia is a poor country, often known best for its past famines, but officials say the dam will be paid for without foreign assistance — a point of national pride. Computer-generated images of the finished structure are framed in government offices, splashed across city billboards and broadcast in repeated specials on the state-owned television channel.
“We lean on the generousness of the rest of the world,” said Zadig Abrha, deputy director of the dam’s public mobilization office. “So there is a conviction on the part of the public to change this, to regain our lost greatness, to divorce ourselves from the status quo of poverty. And the first thing that we need to do is make use of our natural resources, like water.”
Ethiopia, one of the world’s fastest-growing economies, has poured its resources into a slew of megaprojects in recent years, including dams, factories, roads and railways across the country.
But its strong, state-driven approach has been criticized for displacing rural communities, elbowing out private investors and muzzling political dissent. The Renaissance Dam, its biggest project, has met with resistance even outside Ethiopia’s borders, setting off a heated diplomatic battle with Egypt that, at one point, led to threats of war.
In Ethiopia, Africa’s second most populous nation, constant power shortages stifle economic growth. The hydropower plant is expected to bring the country’s electricity generation to more than triple its current capacity. Aside from a $1 billion loan from China for a transmission line, the government projects a $4.02 billion cost for the dam, with more than $1.3 billion already spent.
Near the border with Sudan, the dam is inching skyward as workers apply layer after layer of concrete that will eventually create a reservoir covering nearly 650 square miles. About 8,500 workers live at the project site, served by several cafeterias, a market, a barbershop and spotty Wi-Fi access. Giant floodlights keep construction going around the clock, and employees often work the whole week through.
From the very beginning, this relentless drive has put Ethiopia at odds with Egypt. The Renaissance Dam is on the Blue Nile, a tributary that contributes most of the water flowing into the Nile River, heightening concerns that it could threaten Egypt’s most vital natural resource. Fears of armed conflict surfaced during the brief tenure of Egypt’s former president, Mohamed Morsi, who said last year that “Egyptian blood” would substitute for every drop of lost water.
But under Egypt’s current president, Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, the icy relationship between the two countries has begun to thaw. Ethiopia’s prime minister, Hailemariam Desalegn, and Mr. Sisi had a cordial first meeting in June, and water ministers from Ethiopia, Egypt and Sudan met for renewed discussions in late August. Egypt’s new foreign minister, Sameh Shoukry, set a diplomatic tone during a visit last month to the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, declaring “a new phase of our relationship based on mutual understanding, mutual respect and a recognition that the Nile binds us.”
Ethiopia’s biggest obstacle to finishing the dam is not geopolitics — it is money. The project is overseen by Ethiopian Electric Power, a state-owned utility that is helping finance the project with its own revenue and loans from state-owned banks. Though the government may raise more money by selling bonds on global markets in the coming years, the current tactic of borrowing from state banks is draining available credit. That could squeeze private enterprise in a country that already has the world’s sixth-lowest rate of private investment as a percentage of G.D.P., said Lars C. Moller, the World Bank’s lead economist in Ethiopia.
“For every dollar of credit and every dollar of foreign exchange the project gets, there’s less for the rest of the economy, including the private sector,” he said.
“But in the long term, the investment is likely to pay off well,” Mr. Moller added, noting that Ethiopia’s plan to sell excess energy to neighboring counties could bring in about $1 billion in annual export revenue starting in 2021, four years after the dam is scheduled to be completed.
Ethiopia’s state finance minister, Abraham Tekeste, said it was a price worth paying. “We know that we are sacrificing in the short term, but this is for a long-term objective,” he said. “We don’t see any contradiction.”
More than $357 million spent so far has come from Ethiopians, both domestically and abroad, who have been encouraged to donate money or purchase bonds, according to Mr. Zadig.
Workers on the government payroll, some of whom make as little as $32.68 per month, have been pushed to buy bonds worth a full month’s salary every year through a system that deducts straight from their paychecks.
A new skyscraper has recently risen in Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia. Built with Chinese money, the shining new home of the African Union, an EU-style body representing 54 African countries, is a symbol of the country’s rapid economic change.
The World Bank reports that this country of 94 million people, although still one of the world’s poorer nations, has seen sustained growth over the past decade, averaging more than 10 per cent a year, in contrast to the regional average of 5.3 per cent.
The effects are easy to see. All around Addis the streets are in chaos as a light-rail system is installed. It is on target to begin transporting passengers next year. China is paying for this too. The nature of “Chinese” funding to Africa is complex, sometimes involving direct financing from Beijing, in other cases involving private funding from companies based in China. The light-rail project is backed by China’s Exim Bank.
Cranes swing into action each morning, erecting new hotels and office blocks to add to the long list of international chains that have opened or expanded here: Hilton, Intercontinental, Radisson Blu, Sheraton and Monarch are all doing strong business alongside African counterparts.
And, according to some, there aren’t enough of them. The Awash International Bank projects that unsatisfied demand for hotel beds in Ethiopia in 2015 will run to 1.3 million – a demand fuelled by an increase in tourism, business travel and the work of the African Union.
Outside the city, major rail links are under construction, including one by a Turkish company, Yapi Merkezi, worth a reported €1.3 billion: the 389km Awash-Woldiya project will connect lines from Mekelle to Hara Gebeya and then Addis to Djibouti.
Ethiopia is funding its own development too. The Blue Nile rises in Ethiopia before flowing on to Egypt and Sudan. The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam will harness the waterway as the largest hydroelectrical plant on the continent when complete. Cairo is unhappy, fearing that the damming of the Nile will have major impact on Egypt.
Ethiopia is ranked as the strongest military power in Sub Saharan Africa, according to a study by Global Fire Power. The study claims to make use of over 40 factors to determine each country's power index. Ethiopia with with a total population of 93 million people has 182,500 active frontline personnel. More than 24 million people are considered fit for military service.
In its arsenal, Ethiopia's military has over 560 tanks, more than 780 armored fighting vehicles. It also has one of the strongest air power in the continent with more than 81 fighting aircraft and as well as 8 attack helicopters.
Ethiopia's defense budget is $340 million USD according to the report.
Africa's strongest military is Egypt thanks to annual military aid from the USA followed by Algeria and Ethiopia.
VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA--(Marketwired - April 7, 2014) - Tigray Resources Inc. (TSX VENTURE:TIG) ("Tigray" or the "Company") is pleased to announce diamond drill results from Phase 2 drilling at the Mato Bula discovery at Adyabo (refer to Tigray's news release dated July 16, 2013 for Phase 1 drill results). Six additional holes (WMD007 to 012) have been completed, totalling 1,117 metres. Drilling on 80 metre sections targeted extensions to mineralization defined during the Phase 1 diamond drilling campaign (WMD002 to 006). This drilling has extended Upper Lode mineralization to depth over 150 vertical metres below surface, and to 80 metres extensions at both the northern and southern extents of existing drill intersections. Eleven diamond drill holes have now tested the system over a 640 metres strike.
Section 19880N - WMD007 drilled 100 vertical metres down dip of mineralization intersected in WMD006 (12.28 metres grading 12.25 grams per tonne gold and 0.30% copper - refer to Tigray's news release dated July 16, 2013 ) at Silica Hill, and intersected 28.20 metres at 8.50 grams per tonne gold and 0.24 percent copper including 17.55 metres at 13.18 grams per tonne gold and 0.27 percent copper, from 179.75 metres drill depth.
Section 19960N - WMD009 drilled 80 metres grid north of WMD006 and 007, and intersected 14.87 metres at 4.49 grams per tonne gold and 0.04 percent copper including 7.90 metres at 7.95 grams per tonne gold and 0.05 percent copper, from 164.20 metres drill depth.
Section 19400N - WMD012 drilled the depth extension to previous mineralization at Mato Bula South (WMD004), and intersected 12.98 metres at 4.40 grams per tonne gold and 0.87 percent copper from 105.62 metres drill depth.
Section 19320N - WMD011 drilled 80 metres south of previous drilling at Mato Bula South (WMD004), and intersected 13.98 metres at 2.28 grams per tonne gold and 0.74 percent copper including 5.43 metres at 4.88 grams per tonne gold and 0.82 percent copper, from 126.25 metres drill depth.
At Silica Hill, Upper Lode mineralization and alteration is now defined to 150 metres vertical depth below surface, remains open at depth, and has been defined on two sections 80 metres apart. The tenor (gram-metres) of Upper Lode mineralization and intensity and volume of alteration increases to depth on both sections. Step out drilling, initially along strike to both the north and south at Silica Hill, is required to test the near surface potential of this discovery.
At Mato Bula South, Phase 2 drilling has extended the Upper Lode mineralization at depth and 80 metres south of previous drilling. The tenor (gram-metres) of Upper Lode mineralization increases at depth on section 19400N.
Both Silica Hill and Mato Bula South are part of the Mato Bula Trend, a mineralized corridor now defined over 8 kilometres in strike length. Gold-copper mineralization is interpreted to be part of a porphyry style Cu-Au system containing porphyry-style mineralization, high-grade Au-Cu quartz veins and possible replacement styles of mineralization.
Other significant targets previously identified along strike include:
Mato Bula North approximately 1 kilometre northeast of Mato Bula where a one hole test into the interpreted carapace of a porphyry intrusion intersected 17.35 metres grading 1.65% copper and 0.40 grams per tonne gold from 53.80 metres drill depth (WMD001 - hole abandoned before full test of drill target) (refer to Tigray's news release dated July 16, 2013); and
Da Tambuk approximately 4 kilometres northeast of Mato Bula where a four hole test yielded best results of 12.00 metres at 17.34 grams per tonne gold and 0.32 percent copper from 52.75 metres drill depth (refer to Tigray's news release dated March 11, 2014.
Andrew Lee Smith, President and CEO of Tigray stated, "Our continued success in identifying new discoveries and robust drill intersections is a testament to the potential for significant discovery that this region of Ethiopia possesses."
For More details : http://news.tigray.ca/press-releases/tigray-intersects-28-2-metres-at-8-50-grams-per-to-tsx-venture-tig-201404070938077001