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  • 40-Years-Old Mother Set To Marry Own Son In Zimbabwe

    A woman is set to marry her own son.  The woman and her son claim to be in love with each other and now they want to take their relationship to the next level and get married considering that the mother, Betty Mbereko (from Mwenezi in Masvingo) is now six months pregnant and expecting her son’s child, and her grandchild.

     

    Mbereko, 40,  has been a widow for the past 12 years and has been living with her 23-years-old son Farai Mbereko.
    She confirms that she is six month pregnant and that she has decided it is better to “marry” her son because she does not want to marry her late husband’s young brothers, whom she says are coveting her.
    Betty stunned a village court last week when she said the affair with her son had begun three years earlier.
    She said after spending a lot of money sending Farai to school following the death of her husband, she felt she had a right to his money and no other woman was entitled to it.
    “Look, I strove alone to send my son to school and no one helped me. Now you see that my son is working and you accuse me of doing something wrong.
    “Let me enjoy the products of my sweat,” she told the village court council.

    Farai said he was more than prepared to marry his mother and would pay off the ilobola balance his father had left unpaid to his grandparents.

    “I know my father died before he finished paying the bride price and I am prepared to pay it off,” he said. “It is better to publicise what is happening because people should know that I am the one who made my mother pregnant.

    Otherwise they will accuse her of promiscuity.” But local headman Nathan Muputirwa says: “We cannot allow this to happen in our village, mashura chaiwo aya, (This is a bad omen indeed). In the past they would have to be killed but today we cannot do it because we are afraid of the police.”

    Source: http://howafrica.com/in-zimbabwe-40-years-old-mother-set-to-marry-own-son-in-zimbabwe/

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  • EPRDF Sleeping While Innocent People are being Killed and Displaced!

    Aigaforum) Nov 06, 2017 - Ethiopia is passing through tough times! Innocent people from north to south, west to east are being killed in broad day light! This has been going on for a while now and no sustainable action is being taken by the ruling party. 


    Many people that Aigaforum talked to are asking for the country to be under an emergency decree similar to last year until the EPRDF member organizations are done with their reorganization. Last year’s Decree came at the end of gruesome killings of innocent people in Amhara and Oromia regions. As you might recall last year Aigaforum pleaded and alerted respected government individuals to avert unfair uproot, displacement and loss of lives. Unfortunately no one listened and the country became embroiled with crisis until the the emergency decree.To date Gondar has not revived itself from the effect of the crisis. Instead that vibrant city is at a standstill, yet again!

    A year has passed since the last crisis and it is obvious that lessons have not been learned. The regional border conflict between Somalia and Oromia regions has left a black spot in the country’s history, Currently in the Oromia region, people are still being killed and displaced based on their ethnic background. In Shahsemene, Metu, Bedele and Ambo people are being killed and displaced despite OPDO’s pledge to respect the constitution and the unity of the country.

    Innocent people should not be killed or displaced because of EPRDF’s internal bickering or political disagreement among the leadership. EPRDF must know there is a limit to people’s patience and respect to authorities. Those promoting and sponsoring the killing of innocent people must be held accountable. No individual should be above the law!

    It is sad that lessons were not learned from the Gondar debacle. It is also sad that after 27 years of EPRDF rule the country is immersed in such violence. EPRDF needs to wake up and call a spade a spade. What is stopping the EPRDF government from taking action against demagogue politicians? What seems to be the problem now? Ere Beqa!

     

    Below is Tamrat Yemane Reporting of one recent incident in Shashemene.

     

     

     

    በኦሮሚያ ክልል በሻሸመኔ ለተፈጠረው ችግር ተደበስብሶ የታለፈ ቢሆንም ባለፈው ሳምንት  ሓሙስ  ጥቅምት 21 ቀኑን ሙሉ የዋለ በትግራይ ተወላጆች ላይ ዘር ለይቶ ጥቃት ተፈፅሟል ፡፡ ጥቃቱ የተፈፀመባቸው ጡረታ ወጥተው ክልሉ መኖርያ ሰጥቷቸው በመኖር  የሚገኙ ከመከላከያ በጡረታ የወጡ  ነባር ታጋዮች ናቸው  ፡፡

     

    Reportage:  

     



     ይህን በተመለከተ የኦሮሚያ ኮሚዩኒኬሽን ቢሮ ሃላፊ ክቡር ኣቶ ኣዲሱ ኣረጋ  በስልክ ፅሑፍ መልእክትና በተደጋጋሚ በመደወል ሪማይንደር በመላክ  ብጠይቃቸውም ምላሽ  ሊሰጡኝ ስላልቻሉ ይህንን ፕሮግራም መልቀቅ  ተገድጃለሁ ፡፡በዚህ ኣጋጣሚ በኦሮሚያ ክልል  መቱ ዩንቨርሲቲ የሚማሩ የትግራይ ተወላጆች ኣብዛኛዎቹ ለደህንነታችን እንሰጋለን ብለው ጋምቤላ ከተማ ተጠልለው  እንደሆነ በስልክ ኣነጋግሬያቸዋለሁ ፡፡ የጋምቤላ መስተዳድርና በጋምቤላ ከተማ የሚገኙ የትግራይ  ተወላጆች   ላደረጉት  ሁሉ በዝግጅት ክፍሉ ሰም ምስጋናችን እያቀረብን  እንዲሁም   ኣቶ ኣዲሱ ኣረጋ በሁለቱም ጉዳይ ማብራሪያ ሊሰጡኝ ፍቃደኛ ይሆናሉ የሚል እምነት ኣለኝ -ለማቅረብም ዝግጁ  ነኝ  ፡፡

    (ታምራት የማነ -ለዓይጋ ፎረም ከመቐለ  )  

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  • Leaked memo says Jawar Mohammed and wife siphoned off over $280,000 raised for OMN

    (Solomon Ungashe)

    February 9, 2015

    According to a damning confidential memo by Dr. Solomon Ungashe, one of the founders of the Oromo Media Network, circulating on Oromo online forums, Jawar Mohammed raised over $300,000 during the Oromo First campaign which was supposed to go to the coffers of OMN. Dr. Solomon Ungashe alleges that because Jawar and his wife Arfase Gamade were not willing to transfer the money only $20,000 was transferred to OMN from Jawar’s account. Apparently, one of the problems causing division in OMN is the issue of this money that melted away in Jawar and Arfase’s pockets. Jawar insisted that all the money raised during the Oromo First campaign was not raised for OMN but for himself. The memo reveals that OMN’s main problems are tied with the corrupt, dictatorial and manipulative tendencies of Jawar Mohammed.

     

     

     

    “Once money was generated from Oromo communities, Arfase and I were assigned to see to it that the money was transferred to OMN account. This proved very difficult and OMN problem started at this point. Unbeknownst to us, Jawar Mohammed had created a parallel committee called Principal Coordinating Committee, PCC for short. Jawar and his wife Arfase were members of this committee. Mohammed Ademo asked Jawar what the role of the PCC was. He assured us its role is simply to collect the fund and transfer it to OMN. That proved to be false. Week after week and month after month Arfasse and Jawar who were supposed to talk to PCC members and transfer the money to OMN kept giving one reason after another for failing to do so. Out of more than $300,000 collected by Oromo community only $20,000 was transferred to OMN account. We were very frustrated,” Solomon wrote. Read full text of memo below.

    CONFIDENTIAL

    1. In mid 2012, I convinced myself it was time to start a sustainable Oromo media. I reached at that conclusion because I observed that a handful of Internet radio programs and a few TV broadcasts had started in the Diaspora. This hinted to me there was sufficient manpower and expertise to establish a strong media. I discussed the proposal with some people including Abraham Mosisa, Israe’l Soboqaa, and Abdi Fixee; they all encouraged me to push the idea forward.

    2. I next contacted Jawar Mohammed and Mohammed Ademo separately. Jawar was unhappy that I shared the idea with Mohammed Ademo but I did not understand the reason at the time.

    3. Soon after that OMN core committee of nine members was established.

    The members were: 1) Jawar Mohammed, 2) Arfase Gamada, 3)Girma Tadesse, 4) Micah Cirri, 5) Abdi Fiixee, 6) Ayyaantuu Tibeesso, 7) Mohammed Ademo, 8) Tigist Geme, and 9) Solomon Ungashe. Of these 9 members Ayyantuu Tibeesso was unable to take and we did not fill her place. We conducted once or twice weekly teleconferences to move the project forward.

    4. In late 2012, I went to Oromia and one of my responsibilities was to establish OMN on the ground there. I was tasked to recruit journalists who will work for us as reporters either on a permanent basis or as part time freelancers. I was working very closely with Mohammed Ademo on this matter.

    5. In Mid-2013 Mohammed Ademo told us at our weekly teleconference that there was an opportunity to get Oromo issue aired on Aljazeera. We discussed about it and delegated Mohammed Ademo and Jawar Mohammed to take part in it. That led to Jawar declaring, “I am Oromo First” on TV and that as we know became controversial

    6. Shortly after that incident, Jawar suggested we should use Oromo First campaign to raise fund for OMN.

    We all agreed and decided that other committee members must take part in the campaign too. The idea of me coming back to the US to take part in it was raised by Jawar himself but we decided against it because there were other things I was doing there and I also personal matters to attend to. So everybody else took part in the Oromo First campaign and we decided to end it in September 2013.

    7. Once money was generated from Oromo communities, Arfase and I were assigned to see to it that the money was transferred to OMN account. This proved very difficult and OMN problem started at this point. Unbeknownst to us, Jawar Mohammed had created a parallel committee called Principal Coordinating Committee, PCC for short. Jawar and his wife Arfasse were members of this committee. Mohammed Ademo asked Jawar what the role of the PCC was. He assured us its role is simply to collect the fund and transfer it to OMN. That proved to be false. Week after week and month after month Arfasse and Jawar who were supposed to talk to PCC members and transfer the money to OMN kept giving one reason after another for failing to do so. Out of more than $300,000 collected by Oromo community only $20,000 was transferred to OMN account.We were very frustrated. 

    8. Meanwhile, Mohammed Ademo drafted bylaws and code of conduct for OMN. They were all excellent. I suggested a minor change that was accepted. Only Jawar Mohammed disagreed on a clause pertaining to politics and media and promised he will write an alternative clause instead. We agreed. We waited for more than 6 six weeks but he never produced the alternative clause he had promised.

    9. Then it was time to nominate people to be on Board of Trustees. Jawar Mohammed suggested that members of the PCC should take part in the nomination and we all agreed. A joint OMN-PCC teleconference was called. The PCC had 11 members including Jawar and Arfase.

    The number of effective OMN members was hence 6. The discussion became the discussion of 6 against 11. The first topic to be discussed was criteria for selection of board members. A proposal was made by OMN founding member that those elected to be on board of trustees must not have a high level active participation in a political organization. All PCC members disagreed very strongly. There was no listening at all. The PCC did not come to discuss, they came to dictate and they had the vote to do whatever they wanted. They therefore handpicked Board members without participation from us.

    10. Early on we had discussed we will hire a media professional for short term to help us lay the foundation in Minneapolis. We wanted that person to be someone who has TV background and practical experience and we were looking for such a person.

    11. Immediately after the first PCC-OMN joint meeting, Jawar convened PCC meeting and they decided that he will quit his studies at Columbia and move to Minneapolis to lead the founding effort. That meant they have overturned our earlier decision to hire an expert in media affairs. Mohammed Ademo and I said we should instead hire an experienced person. We also argued because Jawar is a prominent person in Ethiopian politics, the idea of him running OMN, a supposedly independent media, does not sound right. The PCC members all agreed with what Jawar said and Mohammed Ademo and I resigned the next morning. Tigist Geme followed us shortly after that.

    12. It is important to grasp this chain of events. Jawar Mohammed established a separate committee called PCC that his wife chaired. This committee controlled the fund raised from Oromo communities. Because of good will we never objected to PCC joining OMN committee in the selection of board of directors. That turned out to be a fatal mistake on our part. With that action, Jawar put himself in a position to single handedly pick OMN board and executive committee members.

    13. Dr. Birhanu Dirbaba is supposedly the editor-in-chief for OMN. But in reality Jawar has been acting as the editor-in-chief as well. Dr. Birhanu had resigned once over disagreement with what Jawar has been doing. He was rehired again after a prolonged intense plea by OMN board members. There is no guarantee that he will not leave again.

    14. Micah Cirrii, one of the founding members resigned from OMN less than two months ago protesting Jawar Mohammed’s dictatorial actions.

    15. Girma Tadese, Arafase and Jawar have agreed to make Jawar the editor-in-chief of OMN. The few people remaining with OMN rejected this idea and that is why it has not been announced yet.

    16. Contrary to what OMN has announced, Ahmed Yasin and Kadiro Elemo quit protesting Jawar Mohammed’s dictatorial behavior. It surprises me why people do not call them and ask what the truth is.

    17. The exodus from OMN will continue unless solution is found immediately. The following actions are desperately needed. a. OMN board must appoint independent investigators. The investigators must speak to all parties concerned. b. Jawar’s role in the organization, and the pay he deserves must be decided and made public. c. A new executive director must be appointed in a transparent manner. Appointing someone hand picked by Jawar again is not going to solve the problem. d. The members of the Board of directors of a company are elected by people who invested in it. Oromo communities around the world are the investors in OMN. They should be the ones who can nominate and elect board of directors. This has to be codified in the OMN bylaws and implemented immediately.

    (Bilisummaa)

    Source: http://www.addistar.com/2015/02/15/leaked-memo-says-jawar-mohammed-and-wife-siphoned-off-over-280000-raised-for-omn/

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  • Ethiopia: Tigray's Capital, Mekelle, Bans Smoking in Public Areas

    Addis Ababa — The capital of Ethiopia's northern Tigray region, Mekelle, has banned smoking in public areas, making it the first Ethiopian city to implement a tobacco control proclamation bill passed by parliament last year.

    Ethiopian lawmakers last year unanimously passed a law prohibiting smoking in public as part of national efforts to discourage the practice and curb tobacco-related illnesses.

    The ban, which has been welcomed by the wider public, also intends to help reduce exposure to secondhand smoke.

    The new law restricts smoking in public areas, including bars and restaurants and will also be banned in open-air spaces, including sports venues, schools, hospitals, health centres, and other areas where cultural and religious events take place.

     

     

     

    The law requires all public and private institutions to post a "No Smoking" sign within full view of patrons and also forbids media from advertising or promoting of tobacco products.

    According to sources in Mekelle, individuals caught violating the regulations will be fined $50, while bar owners who fail to enforce the new laws will face a $150 fine.

    Approached by Sudan Tribune, residents in Addis Ababa commended the move taken by the city and called on authorities in the capital and elsewhere to follow Mekelle's lead and introduce similar restrictions.

    Young Ethiopians usually start smoking while still in high school due to peer pressure among friends, although the prevalence significantly increasing among students at colleges and universities.

    "Most students begin smoking cigarettes and chewing Chat a few months after joining college and I sometimes feel like the colleges are turning into addiction-teaching institutions," said Kifle lemma, a third-year student at Addis Ababa university.

    Another student, who is himself a smoker, said he believes the new law will push him and other smokers to cut their daily consumption of tobacco, while also helping curb passive smoking and discourage those intending to take up the habit.

    With a population of some 94 million, Ethiopia, which is Africa's second most populous nation, is considered to have one of the lowest smoking rates globally.

    However, the country still sees tobacco as a growing public health concern.

    Recent figures show that the Horn of Africa's nation has an estimated 2.5 million smokers.

    According to a 2012 study by the World Lung Foundation, the number of cigarettes smoked per adult per year in Ethiopia is only 62 cigarettes, well down on those in heavy smoking countries such as Serbia, which consumes more than 2,800.

    Source: Nazret

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  • International Tribunal Court Rules in Favour of Ethiopia in Exploration Suit

    A top Ethiopian government official has claimed the International Court of Arbitration Chamber of Commerce has dismissed a claim by PetroTrans that the Horn of Africa nation had unlawfully revoked its contracts.

     

    Ethiopian authorities revoked the company’s exploration and development contracts, signed in 2011, saying PetroTrans had failed to carry out its contractual obligations.

    The ministry of Mines, Petroleum and Natural Gas said the company had failed to commence work within the initial contractual timeframe. Minister Tolosa Shagi said after revising the date of commencement, the company still failed to start developing the gas project in time.

    The Geneva Tribunal decided in favour of the Ethiopian ministry, rejecting PetroTrans’ request either to be reinstated or paid a compensation of $1.4 billion.
    Tolosa said the court passed its ruling on December 2015, but notified the litigants about the decision only last week. The case, which also resulted in the termination of other four agreements between the ministry and the Hong Kong-based firm, took three years to finalise.
    Tolosa said the verdict would set a precedent in the future in dealing with companies that flout contract regulations.
    The agreement, signed in July 2011 between the Ministry and PetroTrans gave the latter the right to explore and develop petroleum and natural gas in five blocks in the eastern part of the country.
    After revoking the agreement following the company’s failure to carry out its contractual obligations, the Ethiopian government awarded the project to a Chinese company, Poly-GCL in November 2013.
    Source: theafricareport

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  • Sudanese Muslim Attacks Israeli on Ethiopian Airlines Flight

    Sudanese national shouting ‘Allah Akhbar’ reportedly attempted to strangle the Israeli on a flight from Chad to Ethiopia.

    Barak Ravid, haaretz.com

     

     

    An Israeli citizen was attacked by a Sudanese Muslim on an Ethiopian Airlines flight from Chad to Ethiopia last week, the Foreign Ministry said on Tuesday night.
    “The Sudanese attacker was detained by the Ethiopian police when the plane landed in Addis Ababa and remains in custody,” the ministry said.
    Ethiopian Airlines identified the attacker in a statement as Ahmed Alsheikhidris Mohamed

    The Israeli embassy in Addis Ababa has been notified by the local authorities.
    The incident was first reported by the Ynet website.
    The 54-year-old Israeli, who was identified as Arik Zenouda, said that the Sudanese national attacked from behind and tried to strangle him when the plane began its descent into Addis Ababa
    “He hit me on the head with a metal tray, shouting ‘Allah Akhbar’ amd ‘Itbach al Yehud,'” Arik told Ynet.
    “In the beginning I was unable to make a sound or call for help. It was only after a few seconds, when I was on the verge of losing consciousness, that I managed to scream. A stewardess saw what was going on and called other members of the cabin crew.
    “Even after they distanced him from me, he tried to hit me and shouted in Arabic. Some of the cabin crew took me to the back of the plane while others guarded him in the front.”
    Ethiopian Airlines said in a statement that the attacker didn’t show any signs of violence prior to boarding the flight. “He didn’t only attack the Israeli passenger, but other passengers and crew members as well,” the statement said, adding that the attacker has been banned from flying with the company again.
    Ethiopian Airlines apologized for the incident, and noted that since it started its activities in Israel, no Israeli passengers have been subject to violence on its flights.
    read more: http://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/1.684041

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  • ስለ ደም ዓይነቶች ምን ያህል ያውቃሉ?/ ABO blood Group System

     

    (በዳንኤል አማረ ©ኢትዮጤና)

    የደም ዓይነት በቀይ የደም ሴሎች ሽፋን(ገጽ) ላይ የሚገኝ በውርስ የወሰድነውን አንቲጅን(Antigen) መሠረት ያደረገ የደም ክፍፍል ነው፡፡ አራት ዋና ዋና የደም ዓይነቶች አሉ እነሱም ኤ፣ ቢ፣ ኤቢ እና ኦ ናቸው፡፡ የደም ዓይነት ከእናትና አባት በወረስነው ዘረመል(ጂን) ይወሰናል፡፡ ሰውነታችን በአማካይ ከአራት እስከ ስድስት ሊትር ደም ይይዛል፡፡ ደም ከቀይ የደም ሴል፣ ነጭ የደም ሴል እና ፕሌትሌትስ (በፈሳሽ መሰል ፕላዝማ) የተሰራ ወይም የተገነባ ነው፡፡ የፕላዝማ(Plasma) 90% ውሃ ሲሆን በተጨማሪ ፕሮቲን፣ ሆርሞንና ውጋጅ ቆሻሻዎችን ይዟል፡፡ የደማችን 60% የሚሆነው ፕላዝማ ሲሆን 40% የሚሆነው ደግሞ የደም ሴሎች ናቸው፡፡ የደም ሴሎቻችን እያንዳንዳቸው የራሳቸው ተግባር አላቸው ቀይ የደም ሴሎች ኦክስጂን ወደተለያየ የሰውነት ክፍል ያደርሳሉ ካርበን ዳይኦክሳይድ እና ቆሻሻዎችን ከሰውነታችን ያስወግዳሉ፤ ደም ቀይ ቀለም እንዲኖረው አድርገውታል፡፡ ነጭ የደም ሴሎች ሰውነታችን በሽታ የመከላከል ሥርዓት አንዱ ክፍል ሲሆን ኢንፌክሽንን በመዋጋት ይረዳናል፡፡ ፕሌትሌትስ ደም እንዲረጋ በማድረግ የደም መፍሰስን ይከላከላሉ፡፡

    EthioTena's photo.

    የደም ዓይነታችን የሚለየው/የሚታወቀው በደም ውስጥ በሚገኙ አንቲጅን(Antigen) እና አንቲበዲ(Antibody) አማካይነት ነው፡፡ አንቲበዲ(Antibody) ሰውነታችን ከውጪ ለሚገቡ ጀርሞችን ለመከላከል የሚጠቀምበት የበሽታ መከላከያ ሥርዓት ክፍል ነው፡፡ አንቲጅን በቀይ የደም ሴሎች ገጽ ላይ የሚገኙ ፕሮቲኖች ናቸው አንቲበዲዎች በፕላዝማ ውስጥ የሚገኝ ፕሮቲን ሲሆን ከውጭ ወደሰውነታችን የገቡ ማንኛውንም ነገሮች በመለየት እንዲወገዱ ለበሽታ የመከላከል ስርዓት ጥቆማ ያደርጋል፡፡

    የኤ.ቢ.ኦ የደም ሥርዓት ክፍፍል ምን ይመስላል?

    አራት ዋና ዋና የደም ዓይነቶች አሉ፡፡
    • ኤ(A)፦ በቀይ የደም ሴል ላይ ኤ አንቲጅን ብቻ ይገኛል (በፕላዝማ ውስጥ ደግሞ ቢ አንቲበዲ ይገኛል)፡፡
    • ቢ(B)፦ በቀይ የደም ሴል ላይ ቢ አንቲጅን ብቻ ይገኛል (በፕላዝማ ውስጥ ደግሞ ኤ አንቲበዲ ይገኛል)፡፡
    • ኤቢ(AB)፦ በቀይ የደም ሴል ላይ ኤ እና ቢ አንቲጅን ይገኛሉ (በፕላዝማ ውስጥ ደግሞ ምንም ዓይነት አንቲበዲ አይገኝም)::
    • ኦ(O)፦ በቀይ የደም ሴል ላይ ምንም ዓይነት አንቲጅን አይገኝም (በፕላዝማ ውስጥ ሁለቱም ኤ እና ቢ አንቲበዲ ይገኛሉ)፡፡

    የትኛው የደም ዓይነት ለየትኛው የደም ዓይነት መስጠት ይችላል?
    ✓ ኦ(O) የደም ዓይነት ለማንኛውም ሰው ደም መለገስ ይችላል፡፡
    ✓ ኤ(A) የደም ዓይነት ያለው ሰው ኤ እና ኤቢ የደም ዓይነት ላለቸው ደም መለገስ ይችላል፡፡
    ✓ ቢ(B) የደም ዓይነት ያለው ሰው ቢ እና ኤቢ የደም ዓይነት ላለቸው ደም መለገስ ይችላል፡፡
    ✓ ኤቢ(AB) የደም ዓይነት ያለው ሰው ኤቢ የደም ዓይነት ላለው ሰው ብቻ ደም መለገስ ይችላል፡፡

    ከየትኛው የደም ዓይነት መቀበል ይችላሉ?
    ✓ ኦ(O) የደም ዓይነት ካለዎት ከ ኦ(O) ብቻ ይቀበላሉ፡፡
    ✓ ኤ(A) የደም ዓይነት ካለዎት ከ ኤ(A) እና ከ ኦ(O) ብቻ ይቀበላሉ፡፡
    ✓ ቢ(B) የደም ዓይነት ካለዎት ከ ቢ(B) እና ከ ኦ(O) ብቻ ይቀበላሉ፡፡
    ✓ ኤቢ(AB) የደም ዓይነት ከማንኛውም የደም ዓይነት መቀበል ይችላሉ፡፡

    ከኤ(A) እና ቢ(B) አንቲጅን በተጨማሪ ሌላ ሶስተኛ አንቲጅን አለ እሱም አር.ኤች ፋክተር(Rh factor) ይባላል፡፡ በደም ውስጥ ሊኖርም ላይኖርም ይችላል በደም ውስጥ ሲገኝ ፖዘቲቭ (+) ይባላል በደም ውስጥ ሳይገኝ ሲቀር ደግሞ ነጌቲቭ(_) ይባላል፡፡
    በአጠቃላይ አር.ኤች ነጌቲቭ ደም አር.ኤች ነጌቲቭ እና አር.ኤች ፖዘቲቭ ደም ላላአቸው ሰዎች ይሰጣል ወይም አር.ኤች ነጌቲቭ ደም አር.ኤች ፖዘቲቭ ለሆኑ ሰዎች ሊሰጥ ይችላል፡፡

    መልካም ጤንነት!!

    ለበለጠ የጤና መረጃ ይህን ገጽ ላይክ ያድርጉ www.facebook.com/EthioTena

     
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  • Six Ethiopians Killed in South Africa

    ETHIOPIA—
    Witnesses in Durban, South Africa, say six people of Ethiopian origin have been killed in alleged xenophobic attacks over the past week.

    Yonas Fikru, an Ethiopian businessman in Durban, says he knew all six victims, all of them men in their 20s who he says used to hang out at his shop.

    He says they were killed in separate incidents, mostly during daylight hours, by South Africans.

     

     

    “They just come, steal and attack. In fact, the body of one of the victims is about to be sent to back home … they doused his body in kerosene and killed him. But there were two others who were killed before him,” Fikru told VOA’s Horn of Africa Service in an interview Friday. “[The attackers] didn’t steal anything from them. They just came and killed them.”

    Tegegne Aboye, another member of the Ethiopian community in Durban, said locals have tried multiple times to report incidents to the police but “it always falls on deaf ears.”

    “The killer vigilante mobs are thinking that it is their right to do what they are doing,” he said. “Even when they are caught or when someone point out criminals, we see them released shortly. Some of them steal and we see them coming out the next day and committing more crime.”

    Aboye said the Ethiopian embassy has not given enough help.

    “We see our brothers getting killed, doused with a three-liter jerrican of kerosene, and no one is helping us when this happens,” he said. “We haven’t seen anyone sticking up for Ethiopian citizens here.”

    VOA attempts to contact South African police about the cases received no response by the time of publication.

    South Africa has experienced recurring bouts of attacks against foreigners in recent years. Poor South Africans blame the immigrants for taking jobs and contributing to crime.

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  • Ethiopia to build two more dams for power generation

     

    Local media reported that BNP Paribas, Deutsche Bank and JP Morgan have been selected to manage the bond sales.

     

    World Bulletin/News Desk

     

     

    Ethiopia is planning to build two more hydro-electric dams over the southern Omo River on border with Kenya for generating electricity, an Ethiopian spokesman said Saturday.

    "Gilgel Gibe IV and V hydro-electric dams will be part of Ethiopia's next big projects during the next five-year national plan," Bizuneh Tolcha, spokesman for the Water Ministry, told Anadolu Agency.

    He said the two dams will have the capacity to generate 2,050 megawatts of electricity.

    "Some 1450 megawatts of the total electric power will be produced by Gilgel Gibe IV while Gilgel Gibe V will generate the remaining," he said.

    Tolcha said that the cost of the two dams will be announced "when the assessment is completed".

    Ethiopia has begun to sell bonds in the capital market as to generate funds for its mega-projects.

    Local media reported Friday that BNP Paribas, Deutsche Bank and JP Morgan have been selected to manage the bond sales.

    Ethiopia built the Gilgel Gibe I on the Omo River in 2004. The dam has an electric output of 184 megawatts.

    Gilgel Gibe II was inaugurated in 2010 and 80 percent of the construction has been finalized.

    Kenyan activists have been lobbying against the construction of Gilgel Gibe dams on the ground that it will significantly impact the lives of communities around Lake Turkana – a claim denied by Ethiopian government.

    Ethiopia has the potential to produce more than 45,000 megawatts of electricity from hydro-power.

    “There are other hydro-electric projects being considered," Tolcha said.

    Ethiopia is planning to build a number of dams for electricity generation, including a controversial hydroelectric dam on the Nile's upper reaches, which has strained relations with Egypt.

    Ethiopia says it needs the dam to generate badly-needed energy. Egypt, for its part, fears the dam will reduce its traditional share of the Nile River – its main source of water.

    Addis Ababa insists the new dam will benefit downstream states Egypt and Sudan, both of which will be invited to purchase the electricity thus generated.

    Ethiopian authorities also commenced the construction of the Geba dam in September of this year in western Ethiopia at a cost of $583 million.

    Source: http://www.worldbulletin.net/todays-news/146521/ethiopia-to-build-two-more-dams-for-power-generation

     

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  • ከገዳም ህይወት ወደ ሞዴሊንግ ሙያ የገባችው ኢትዮጵያዊት Ethiopian woman amazing story from being catholic nun to becoming fashion model

    Written by  ናፍቆት ዮሴፍ

    በ1974 ዓ.ም ወላይታ ሶዶ ውስጥ ነውየተወለደችው፡፡ “ፎኮላሬ ሙቭመንት”በተባለ የካቶሊክ ድርጅት ውስጥ
    ገዳማዊት ሆና ማደጓን ትናገራለች ።በአፍሪካ አገራት ተምራለች፡፡ በአሁኑወቅት የፋሽን ከተማ በሆነችው የጣሊያኗ
    ሮም ኑሮዋን የመሰረተችው ሞዴልና ዲዛይነር ሰናይት ማሪዮ፣ በቅርቡ ወደአገሯ በመጣች ወቅት ከአዲስ አድማስ
    ጋዜጠኛዋ ናፍቆት ዮሴፍ ጋር ተገናኝታበህይወቷ እንዲሁም በሞዴሊንግናዲዛይኒንግ ሙያዋ ዙሪያ በስፋት
    አውግታለች፡፡ ለመሆኑ ከገዳም ህይወትወጥታ እንዴት ወደ ሞዴሊንግ ሙያ ገባች?
    የ33 ዓመቷ ሞዴልና ዲዛይነር፣ ሁሉንምዘና ብላ ትተርካለች፡፡

     ፡

     

    • በወላይታ የፋሽን ትርኢት ለማቅረብ እየተዘጋጀች ነው
    • የድንጉዛንና የጀርመን ባንዲራ መመሳሰል ጥያቄ አስነስቷል
    • ከዕውቅ የጣሊያን ዲዛይነር ጋር ለመስራት ተስማምታለች

    እንዴት ነው ወደ ጣሊያን የሄድሽው?
    ወደ ጣሊያን የሄድኩት በትዳር ምክንያት ነው፤ ባል አግብቼ፡፡ ባለቤቴ ጣሊያናዊ ነው፡፡
    መቼ ነው ያገባሽው?
    በፈረንጆቹ በ2009 ዓ.ም ነው የተጋባነው፡፡ ሰርጋችን እዚሁ ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ ነበር፡፡ ከዚያን ጊዜ ጀምሮ ከባሌና ከአምስት ዓመት ወንድ ልጄ ጋር በጣሊያን ነው የምንኖረው፡፡
    ወደ ኋላ ልመልስሽና የልጅነት ህይወትሽን አጫውቺኝ —–
    በልጅነቴ ወላይታ ሶዶ ከተማ ውስጥ ከካቶሊኮች ጋር ነው ያደግሁት፤ገዳማዊ ነበርኩኝ፡፡ ከዚያ ነፃ የትምህርት እድል አግኝቼ ቋንቋ ለመማር ወደ ኬንያ ሄድኩኝ፡፡ በመቀጠል በኡጋንዳ ሶሲዮሎጂ ኤንድ ሶሻል አንትሮፖሎጂ ተማርኩኝ፡፡ በዚህ የትምህርት ዘርፍ ዲግሪዬን ካገኘሁ በኋላ ወደ ወላይታ ተመልሼ በግል ኮሌጆች ውስጥ ሶሲዮሎጂ ማስተማር ጀመርኩኝ፡፡ “Introduction to sociology” የተሰኘ ኮርስ በተለያዩ የጤና ተቋማት ውስጥ እሰጥ ነበር፡፡  አግብቼ ጣሊያን ከሄድኩ በኋላ ለማስተርስ መማር ጀምሬ ነበር፤ሆኖም መውለድም መጣ፤ ጣሊያንኛ ቋንቋም ከበደኝ፡፡ አንዳንድ ስራዎችን ለመስራት ብሞክርም አልቻልኩም፣አቋረጥኩት፤  ወደፊት ያቋረጥኩትን ለመማር አስቤአለሁ፡፡
    ለማስተርስ ምን ነበር ማጥናት የጀመርሽው? ሶሲዮሎጂ ነው ወይስ –?
    ከሶሲዮሎጂ የተለየ ትምህርት ነበር የጀመርኩት። ጣሊያን እንደሄድኩኝ አንዳንድ የኢንተርንሽፕ ስራዎችን ከምግብና እርሻ ድርጅት (FAO) ጋር እሰራ ስለነበር፣ ቀልቤ ወደ ግብርናው ተሳበና ጀመርኩኝ፤ግን ባልኩሽ ምክንያቶች ሳይመቸኝ ቀርቶ ተቋረጠ፡፡ ወደ ግብርናው ዘርፍ ቀልቤ የተሳበው አንደኛ የፋኦ ዋና ጽ/ቤት ሮም ስለሆነና ፋኦም በግብርና ዘርፍ ላይ የሚሰራ በመሆኑ ነው። ሁለተኛው ምክንያት ደግሞ አገራችን ግብርና መር ኢኮኖሚ የምትከተል በመሆኑ ነው፡፡ ትምህርቱን አጥንቼ አገሬ ላይ ብሰራበት ውጤታማ ልሆን እንደምችል አስቤ ነበር፡፡  ያቋረጥኩት ትምህርት “Science of Agriculture” ይባላል፡፡
    ከአገርሽ ውጭ በአፍሪካና አውሮፓ የመኖር እድል ገጥሞሻል፡፡ በማታውቂው ባህል ውስጥ መኖር አልከበደሽም?
    ኦ… እሱ በጣም አስቸጋሪ ነበር፡፡ ኬንያ የሄድኩት ገዳማዊት ሆኜ ነበር፡፡ እዛ እንደሄድኩኝ የገጠመኝን የባህል ግጭት (Cultural shock) ልነግርሽ አልችልም፤ፈተናው በጣም አስቸጋሪ ነበር። ጣሊያን ስሄድ ደግሞ የባሰ ሆነ፤ምኑንም መልመድ አልቻልኩም፡፡ እንደውም ኬንያ የነበረውን ጊዜ ማመስገን ጀመርኩኝ፡፡ ለምን ብትይ—-ምንም ሌላ ባህል ቢሆንና ምግቡም የተለየ ቢሆን ቢያንስ አፍሪካዊ ስለሆንኩኝ … የቆዳዬ ቀለምም ከነሱ ጋር ስለሚመሳሰል ትንሽ ይሻል ነበር፡፡ ቀላል ነው ለማለት ሳይሆን ጣሊያን ከገጠመኝ በጣም ይሻላል፡፡ ጣሊያን በአብዛኛው ነጮች ናቸው፤ ሁሉም አንቺን ነው የሚያዩሽ፤በዚያ ላይ ቶሎ አይግባቡሽም፡፡
    ኢትዮጵያዊነትሽን ሲያውቁ የተለየ ስሜት ያሳዩሽ ነበር ?
    አዎ፤ እሱ እንዳለ ነው፡፡ የተለያየ ቦታ ለስራ ስሄድ፣ከየት ነሽ ሲሉኝ፣ ኢትዮጵያን ስጠራ፣ ጥሩ ስሜት አላይባቸውም ነበር፡፡ አንዳንዴ አውቀው የት ነው ኢትዮጵያ ይላሉ፤ግን በደንብ ከነሽንፈታቸው ያስታውሷታል፡፡ እኔ አልበሳጭም፡፡ ብቻ— በባሌ ብርታት ሁሉንም ለመድኩት፡፡  ባለቤቴ በደንብ ይንከባከበኝ ነበር፡፡
    ከባለቤትሽ ጋር እንዴት ነው የተዋወቃችሁት?
    ባለቤቴ ኢትዮጵያን በደንብ ያውቃታል፤ለበርካታ አመታት በሥራ ተመላልሷል፡፡
    ምን ዓይነት ሥራ?
    ወላጅ አልባ ህፃናትን ይረዳና ያስተምር ነበር፡፡ ይህን የሚሰራው ደግሞ እኔ በተወለድኩባት ደቡብ አካባቢ ነው፡፡ ያደግሁበትን ሁኔታ ስለሚያውቅ በደንብ ይንከባከበኝ ነበር፡፡ ብቸኝነት እንዳይሰማኝ የተቻለውን ሁሉ ያደርግ ነበር፡፡ እንደዛም ሆኖ ግን ለመልመድ በርካታ ጊዜ ወስዶብኛል፡፡ ሰው ቤቱን ዘግቶ ነው የሚቀመጠው፣ ሰላም ካላልሽ ሰላም አይሉሽም፤ ሻይ ቡና እንጠጣ ብሎ ያንቺን በር የሚያንኳኳ የለም፤ህዝቡ ሲሮጥ ሲዋከብ ነው ውሎ የሚያድረው፡፡ እሱ ስራ ሲሄድ በር ቆልፌ፣ ብቻዬን አገሬንና ቤተሰቤን ስናፍቅ እውል ነበር፡፡ ቤት  ውስጥ ምግብ አብስዬ መመገብ እንኳን ትልቅ ፈተና ነው፡፡ ከማብሰያ እቃቸው ጋር መግባባት አቅቶኝ ብዙ ተሰቃይቻለሁ፡፡ እኔ ያደግሁት ወላይታ ሶዶ ነው፤ መካከለኛ ኑሮ ባለው ቤተሰብ፡፡ ምግብ የማበስለውም እንጨት እያነደድኩኝ ነበር፤ስለዚህ እዚያ ሄጄ ጦጣ ብሆን አይግረምሽ —- (ረጅም ሳቅ!)
    አሁን ግን ኑሮውንም ባህላቸውንም ለምደሽ—-የአባትሽን ስም ሁሉ በባለቤትሽ ለውጠሻል—-?
    ብዙ ሰው የሚሸወድበት ነገር ቢኖር ይሄ ነው፡፡ በእርግጥ ማሪዮ የሚለው የጣሊያን ስም ነው ፤ግን እኔ የምጠራው በወላጅ አባቴ ስም ነው፡፡ አባቴ እዚያው ወላይታ ከጣሊያን ካቶሊኮች ጋር እየሰራ ስላደገ ስሙን ማሪዮ ብለው አወጡለት፡፡ የወላጅ አባቴ ስም ማሪዮ ነው፡፡ እኔ ዜግነቴንም ስሜንም አልቀየርኩም፤ የቀንም የሌሊትም ህልሜ አገሬ ናት፡፡ ባለቤቴ እራሱ እዚህ ያለው አካልሽ እንጂ መንፈስሽ አይደለም ይለኛል፡፡ ስሜም አልተቀየረም፤ ያው ሰናይት ነው። ላለፉት 10 ዓመታት በጣሊያን ብኖርም ዜግነቴን አልቀየርኩም፤መቀየርም አልፈልግም፡፡ እነሱም በዚህ የተነሳ የሆነ ስሜት አላቸው፡፡
    ምን ዓይነት ስሜት?
    ኢትዮጵያዊ ነኝ ካልሽ ቅድም እንደነገርኩሽ የት ነው ሁሉ ይሉሻል ግን ኢትዮጵያን መቼም አይረሷትም። ከባለቤቴ ጋር አንዳንድ ጊዜ ስንከራከር፣“አንቺ ለምንድነው ሽንፈት የማትወጂው? ሁሌ የበላይ ነኝ ብለሽ ትችይዋለሽ?” ይለኛል፡፡ በተለያየ ስራ ከጣሊያኖች ጋር ስንገናኝና ስንነጋገር፤ “እኛ ለመሆኑ—ምን አላችሁና ልንወስድባችሁ መጣን?” ይሉኛል። እኔም፤ “መቼም ውሃ ልትቀዱ አልመጣችሁ” እላቸዋለሁ፡፡ ምን ፈልገው ወደ አገራችን እንደመጡ እኛም እነሱም እናውቃለን፤ስለዚህ በዚህ ጉዳይ ላይ ብዙም አልከራከራቸውም፡፡
    በመጨረሻ ያ ሁሉ ብቸኝነትና ቤት ውስጥ መዋል ቀርቶ አደባባይ በሚያውለው የሞዴሊንግ ሙያ ላይ ለመሰማራት በቅተሻል፡፡ ለመሆኑ እንዴት ወደዚህ ሙያ ገባሽ? በልጅነትሽ ሞዴል የመሆን ፍላጎት ነበረሽ?
    ወደ ሞዴሊንግ የገባሁት በጣም በሚገርም አጋጣሚ ነው፡፡ እዚህም አዲስ አበባ እያለሁ ነው ስሜቱን በሰዎች ግፊት ያወቅሁት፡፡ የሁለተኛ ደረጃ ትምህርቴን ወላይታ ሶዶ እንደጨረስኩኝ ሀዋሳ መምህራን ኮሌጅ ገብቼ ዲፕሎማዬን ከያዝኩ በኋላ እዛው ደቡብ ገጠር፣ ውሃና መብራት በሌለበት መንደር ውስጥ ለአንድ ዓመት ሰርቻለሁ፡፡ ከዚያ በአዲስ አበባ ዩኒቨርሲቲ ማታ ማታ በግሌ ፍልስፍና መማር ጀመርኩኝ፡፡ ማታ ከክፍል ስወጣ፣ግማሽ መንገድ በእግሬ፣ ግማሽ መንገድ በአውቶቡስ ነበር የምሄደው፡፡ እና ያኔ መንገድ ላይ ሰዎች ያበሽቁኝ ነበር፡፡
    ምን እያሉ?
    ለምሳሌ ፒያሳ ከሆንኩኝ ረጅም ስለሆንሽ እስኪ እይልን፤ለገሀር ስንት ቁጥር አውቶብስ ቆማለች ይሉኛል፡፡ አንዳንዶቹ እስኪ ሰማይ ቤት ስለኔ ምን ይወራል አዳምጭልኝ ሲሉኝ፤ ሌሎቹ ደግሞ ይህን ቁመት ለምን ታባክኝዋለሽ፣ለምን ሞዴል አትሆኚም? ይሉኝ ነበር፡፡ ይሄኔ ፍላጎት እያደረብኝ መጣ፡፡ ከዚያ ፕሮፌሽናል ያልሆነች ሞዴል ጓደኛ ነበረችኝ፤ ቀለል ቀለል ያሉ የሞዴል ስራዎችን ትሰራ ስለነበር ይሄን ነገር ለምን አብረን አንሰራም አልኳት። እሷም ሞዴሊንግ ኤጀንሲ አላቸው ከሚባሉ ሰዎች ጋር አገናኘችኝ፡፡ እነሱ ኢትዮጵያዊያን ናቸው ግን ኤጀንሲያቸው ሆላንድ ነው ያለው፡፡ በዚያን ጊዜ እዚያ አገር ሄዶ የመስራቱ እድል ጠባብ ነበር፡፡ አንደኛ ለሞዴሊንግ እንግዳ ነኝ አላውቀውም፤ሁለተኛ የኢኮኖሚ አቅሜ ለዚያ የሚያበቃ አልነበረም፤ ስለዚህ በመፃፃፍ ደረጃ ብቻ ቀረ፡፡ ፍላጎቱና ሀሳቡ ቢዳፈንም ግን ጠፍቶ አልጠፋም ነበር፡፡
    ከዚያስ?
    ከዚያማ ኬኒያ ለቋንቋ ትምህርት ሄጄ ነበር አላልኩሽም? በዚያን ሰዓት ያንን የተዳፈነ ፍላጎት የሚያነቃቃ ነገር መጣ፡፡ አንድ ቀን በኬንያ ናይሮቢ ከተማ ውስጥ አንድ ፓርክ ሳቋርጥ፣ የ“ኢማኒ ሞዴሊንግ ኤጀንሲ” ባለቤት ታዋቂ ሞዴልና የኤጀንሲው ማናጀር አይታ ጠራችኝና፤ ኢትዮጵያዊት ነሽ? ብላ ጠየቀችኝ፡፡ አዎ ስላት፣ የሁሉም አገር ሞዴሎች አሉኝ፤ ኢትዮጵያዊ ሞዴል ነበር የሚጎድለኝ፤ስለዚህ አብረሽኝ ስሪ አለችኝ፣ እኔም የመስራት ፍላጎት እንዳለኝ ነገርኳትና መስራት ጀመርን፡፡ እኔን በቀጥታ ወደ ሥራ አልነበረም ያስገባችኝ፤ ከማሰልጠን ነበር የጀመረችው። ምክንያቱም ፍላጎቱ እንጂ አረማመዱን፣ ዲሲፕሊኑን—–ምኑንም አላውቀውም ነበር። እውነት ለመናገር ብዙ ለፍታብኛለች፤ብዙ ተቸግራብኛለች። ለመጀመሪያ ጊዜ ከእርሷ ጋር ነው ስራም የጀመርኩት።
    የመጀመሪያ ስራሽ ምን ነበር?
    ስራ የጀመርኩት በራሷ ኤጀንሲ ውስጥ ነው። ፎቶዎቼን እየወሰደች እያስተዋወቀች እዚያው ናይሮቢ ውስጥ ስራ ጀመርኩኝ፡፡ ከዚያ የቋንቋ ትምህርቴን ጨርሼ ወደ ኢትዮጵያ ስመለስ፣ በዘርፉ የተደራጀና በጥሩ ሁኔታ የሚሰራ ኤጀንሲ በማጣቴ ስራውን መቀጠል አልቻልኩም፡፡ ወደ ጣሊያን ስሄድ በሶሲዮሎጂ ለመስራት በጣም ተቸገርኩኝ፡፡ የአፍሪካ ዲግሪ በመሆኑ ከእነሱ አገር ዲግሪ ጋር ለማመጣጠን እንደገና አንድ ዓመት መማር አለብሽ፤ብቻ ብዙ ፈተና አለው፡፡ እንደነገርኩሽ ቋንቋውም ሌላ ፈተና ሆነ። በዚህ ምክንያት በተማርኩበት ሶሲዮሎጂ ቀርቶ ሱቅ ውስጥ  ለመቀጠር እንኳን ቋንቋው ችግር ሆነ። በኋላ አሰብኩና ከብቸኝነቱም እንዲገላግለኝ፣ እንደ ሆቢም ይሆነኛል በማለት “ግላሞር” በተሰኘ ኤጀንሲ ውስጥ ለሞዴሊንግ ተመዘገብኩኝ፡፡ መስፈርቱን አሟላሁ፤ያ ማለት አካላዊ መስፈርቱን እንጂ ፕሮፌሽናል የሆነውን ነገር ብዙም አላውቀውም ነበር፡፡ እንደነገርኩሽ ኬንያ ኢማኒ አሰልጥናኛለች፤ ግን በቂ አልነበረም፤በተለይ “catwalk” የሚባለውን አረማመድ በደንብ አልችለውም ነበር፡፡ እናም ምንም ክፍያ አንከፍልሽም፤ ግን መስራት ትችያለሽ አሉኝ፡፡ ልምዱን እፈልገው ስለነበር ስራውን ሳላቅማማ ጀመርኩት፡፡
    ከነሱ ጋር ስሰራ ሌሎች የራሳቸው ኤጀንሲ ያላቸው ሰዎች እይታ ውስጥ መግባት ጀመርኩኝ፡፡ ከዚያም አዲስ ዓመት ሲመጣ የሚወጡ ካሌንደሮች ላይ መስራት ጀመርኩ፡፡ በአብዛኛው የሰራሁት የካሌንደር ስራዎችን ነው፡፡ እኔ ሞዴሊንጉን ዘግይቼ ነው የጀመርኩት፡፡ እዚያ አገር ከልጅነትሽ ጀምረሽ ታዋቂ ሆነሽ ካልዘለቅሽ በስተቀር እድሜሽ ከ25 እያለፈ በሄደ ቁጥር ሥራው አስቸጋሪ ይሆናል፡፡ ይህን በማሰብ ሙያውን ለመቀጠል ምን ማድረግ አለብኝ አልኩና… ዲዛይኒንግ መማር ወሳኝ መሆኑን ተረዳሁ። ጣሊያን ውስጥ በበርካታ የፋሽን ትርኢቶች ላይ ብካፈልም የኢትዮጵያ አልባሳት በትርኢቱ ላይ ሲታዩ አላጋጠመኝም፤ ነገር ግን ጣሊያን ውስጥ ኢትዮጵያዊ ዲዛይነሮች እኮ አሉ፡፡ እናም ዲዛይኒንግ መማሬ እንደሚጠቅመኝ አሰብኩ።
    የዲዛይኒንግ ትምህርቱን ተማርሽ ማለት ነው -?
    አሁን ሶስተኛ ዓመት ነኝ፤ ግን ስራውን ጀምሬዋለሁ። ከትውልድ አካባቢዬ ከወላይታ ልጀምር ብዬ የወላይታ ድንጉዛን በተለያየ መልኩ ለበጋ በሚመች ዓይነት እየሰራሁ እያስተዋወቅሁ ነው፡፡ አሁን ደግሞ ወደ አገር ልብስ እየተሸጋገርኩ ነው፡፡ የእኛ አገር ልብስ እኮ መቶ በመቶ ኮተን (ጥጥ) ስለሆነ ለሙቀትም ለብርድም ጊዜ አመቺ ነው፡፡ የሌላውን አገር ልብስ ብትወስጂ በሙቀት ጊዜ ላይሽ ላይ ሊቀልጥ የሚደርስ፣ በቅዝቃዜ ጊዜ ላይሽ ላይ በረዶ የሚሆን ነው፡፡ ስለዚህ የአገራችን የተለያዩ የብሄር ብሄረሰብ ልብሶች በልዩ ልዩ ዲዛይን ተሰርተው እንደነ ሚላኖ ባሉ የፋሽን ሳምንቶች ላይ ቢቀርቡ፣ከየትኛውም የአገር ልብስ እንደሚበልጡ እምነቱ አለኝ፡፡ ትምህርቱንም በቅርቡ እጨርሳለሁ። በነገራችን ላይ የራሴን ልብሶች ዲዛይን የማደርገው ራሴ ነኝ፡፡ አሁን የተለያዩ አገር ልብሶችን እየሰራሁ፣ የተለያዩ የፋሽን ሳምንቶች ላይ አቀርባለሁ፡፡ በቅርቡ የታወቀች ጣሊያናዊት ዲዛይነር አግኝቼ፣ ከእርሷ ጋር በስፋት ለመስራት ስምምነት ላይ ደርሰናል፡፡ ክላውዲያ ዳና ትባላለች፡፡
    ስምምነታችሁ የኢትዮጵያን የባህል አልባሳት ዲዛይን ለማድረግ ነው?
    የጣሊያንንና የኢትዮጵያን ቀላቅለን ለመስራት ነው ያሰብነው፡፡ ምክንያቱም ለምሳሌ ድንጉዛን ብትወስጂ ሙሉ ለሙሉ ልልበስ ብትይ፣ ከውፍረቱ የተነሳ ሙቀቱን መቋቋም አይቻልም፤ ስለዚህ ከላይ ሳሳ ያለ የጣሊያን ልብስ አድርገን፣ ከስር በቁምጣና በአጭር ቀሚስ መልክ፣ በቦርሳ፣ በስካርፍ—ብንሰራ እንዴት እንደሚያምር አልነግርሽም፡፡ እሷ ደግሞ ሮም ውስጥ የታወቀች ዲዛይነር ስለሆነች እውቅናዋን ተጠቅሜ፣ የአገራችንን የባህል አልባሳት በሰፊው ለማስተዋወቅ አስቤያለሁ፡፡ እሷም በቅርቡ አልባሳቱንና አገሪቱን ለመጎብኘት ትመጣለች። ጣሊያኖች ደግሞ በእኛ ስለሚቀኑ የእኛ ሁሉም ነገር ወደነሱ ቢሄድ ደስ ይላቸዋል፡፡ ኢትዮጵያ በአሁን ሰዓት በሞዴሊንጉም በጥሩ ደረጃ ላይ ነው የምትገኘው፤ ግን ብዙ ያልተለበሱና እውቅና ያላገኙ ማራኪ የብሄር ብሄረሰብ አልባሳት ስላሉ እነሱ ትኩረቴን ስበውታል፡፡
    አሁን ወደ ኢትዮጵያ የመጣሽው ለምንድነው?
    ወደ ኢትዮጵያ የመጣሁት  በሁለት ዋና ዋና ምክንያቶች ነው፡፡ አንደኛው የወንድሜ ሰርግ ላይ ለመገኘት ሲሆን ሁለተኛውና ዋናው ደግሞ ከሁለት ሳምንት በኋላ ወላይታ ላይ ፋሽን ሾው ለማካሄድ ነው። እንደ እግዚአብሔር ፈቃድ አንዳንድ ከከተማው አስተዳደር ማግኘት ያለብኝን ፈቃድ እያሟላሁ ነው፡፡
    የፋሽን ትርኢቱ ላይ የሚሳተፉ ሞዴሎች ከየት ነው የምትመርጪው?
    እንግዲህ የደቡብ ልብሶች በተለይም የወላይታ ልብሶች ትርኢት የሚታይበት እንደመሆኑ ሞዴሎችን ከወላይታና ከሀዋሳ ነው የሰበሰብኩት፡፡ ይህን መነሻ በማድረግ የወላይታን ልብስ በምን መልኩ ብሰራ የውጭዎቹ ይለብሱታል የሚለውንም ለመገምገም ይረዳኛል፡፡ ከሀዋሳና ከወላይታ የምወስዳቸው ፕሮፌሽናል ሞዴሎች ባይሆኑም የአገራቸውን ልብስ ማስተዋወቅ አያቅታቸውም፡፡ እኔም ፕሮፌሽናል ሳልሆን ነው የጀመርኩት፡፡ ለምሳሌ ድንጉዛን በተለያየ ዲዛይን ሰርቼ ጣሊያን የሆነ የፋሽን ሳምንት ላይ አቅርቤው ብዙ ጥያቄ ተነስቶበታል፡፡
    ምን ዓይነት ጥያቄ?
    ጥያቄው ምን መሰለሽ—-የልብሱ ከለር ከጀርመን ባንዲራ ጋር እንዴት ሊመሳሰል ቻለ? የሚል ነው። የጀርመን ባንዲራ ጥቁር ቀይና ቢጫ ቀለም ያለው ነው። እዚያ ሾው ላይ “የጀርመን ባንዲራ” ብለው ነው አስተያየት የሰጡበት፡፡ በሚቀጥለው ሳምንት የሚወጣ “ቼ” የተባለ መፅሄት ላይ የድንጉዛ አመጣጥ፣ የየትኛው ብሔር ልብስ እንደሆነ፣ አጠቃላይ ዝርዝሩ ይወጣል፤ ጥያቄውን ለመመለስ፡፡
    ይህ ማለት ልብሱ ይበልጥ እየታወቀና እያነጋገረ ይሄዳል ማለት ነው፡፡ አሁን ድንጉዛው ህልውናውን ሳያጣ፣ ሳሳ አድርጌ ለበጋም ልብስ እንዲሆን እየሰራሁ ነው፡፡
    ጣሊያን ውስጥ የአገር ልብሶችን መልበስ ታዘወትሪያለሽ?
    በጣም! ድንጉዛ እለብሳለሁ፤ በስካርፍ መልክ… በቦርሳ… በክራባት… በቁምጣ መልክ እለብሳለሁ። ሌላ የሀበሻ ቀሚሶችን በተለያየ ዲዛይን ለራሴ ሰርቼ በብዛት እለብሳለሁ፡፡ ለምሳሌ ተመልከቺ (በባህል አልባሳት የተነሳቻቸውን ፎቶዎች ከአልበሟ እያሳየችኝ) በኩራት ነው የምለብሳቸው፡፡ ከዚህም ስሄድ ለጣሊያን ሰዎች ሻርፕ፣ የአንገት ልብስ—  በስጦታ እሰጣለሁ። በኤጀንሲም ላይ አሰቅዬ አውቃለሁ፡፡
    ይሄም የማስተዋወቂያ አንዱ መንገድ ነው፡፡ ብቻ ጣሊያኖቹ ስለኢትዮጵያ የአሁን ሁኔታ እንዲያውቁ እፈልጋለሁ፡፡ ለምን መሰለሽ? አንዳንዴ ለማበሳጨት ብለው በምን መጣሽ ይሉኛል? ከዚህ ጣሊያን በእግሬ እሄድ ይመስል፡፡ የኢትዮጵያ አየር መንገድ ከአፍሪካ ሁሉ አንደኛ ነው፤ የስታር አሊያንስ አባልም ነው፤ ይሄን አያውቁትም አልልም፤ ያው ዘረኝነታቸው ነው እንጂ፡፡ ግን ሁሉም ፈረንጅ ዘረኝነት ተጠናውቶታል ለማለት አይደለም፤ ጣሊያን ውስጥ የማየው ዘረኝነት ግን ትንሽ ይበዛል ልበል?
    ቀደም ሲል እንደነገርሽኝ ከካቶሊኮች ጋር ገዳማዊት ሆነሽ ነው ያደግሽው፡፡ እንዴት ወደ ዓለማዊነት ገባሽ?
    ህይወቱ በጣም አስቸጋሪ ነው፡፡ በዚያ ላይ በህጻንነቴ በቤተሰብ ግፊት ነው ወደዚያ ህይወት የገባሁት፡፡ አባቴ አክራሪ ካቶሊክ ነው፤ግማሽ ቄስ በይው፡፡ እና እያደግሁና እየበሰልኩ ስመጣ፣ከህይወቱም አስቸጋሪነት አኳያ ስለከበደኝ ተውኩት፡፡
    ወደ ፋሽን ልመልስሽ፡፡ ለአገራችን ሴቶች ምን እንዲለብሱ ትመክሪያለሽ?
    ሴቶች ከለርፉል ቀሚስ ቢለብሱ ደስ ይለኛል። የሴትነቴ መገለጫም፣ዲዛይን የማደርገውም ቀሚስ ስለሆነ ሴቶች ቀሚስ ቢለብሱ እመርጣለሁ፡፡ አንዳንዴ ለሥራ አይመችም ይላሉ፡፡ ለሩጫ ካልሆነ በስተቀር ለምንም ይመቻል፡፡ ይህን ስል ሱሪ የሚለብሱትንም አልቃወምም፤ምርጫቸው ነው፡፡
    የቀለም (ከለር) ምርጫሽ ምንድን ነው?
    ጥቁር፡፡ እኔም እንደምታይኝ ጥቁር ነኝ፤ግን ጥቁር ቀለም በጣም ነው የምወደው፡፡
    በመጨረሻስ —–
    በመጀመሪያ ደረጃ እንደ ባህላቸው ቆንጥጠው፣ ጥሩ ስነ-ምግባር እንድይዝ ታግለውና ለፍተው ያሳደጉኝን ቤተሰቦቼንና በአጠቃላይ ጥሩ ባህል፣ አብሮነትና የመተጋገዝ ባህል ውስጥ የሚኖረውን የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ አመሰግናለሁ፡፡ አዲስ አድማስንም አክብሮ እንግዳ ስላደረገኝ በጣም አመሰግናለሁ፡፡ እግዚአብሔር ይስጥልኝ፡

    Source: Sodere

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